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s 3ma am ma mas»- 

■■ S*0IWI«Mt«SMM^«ifel JMi»iWi» ■ 




Presented in 1916 

IPresident Edmund J". Jaraei 

in memory of 

Amanda K. Casad 


ihn 111 








H, nyrnphs and fairies that 
haunt the halls. 
And ye ctierubs, too. 
Of the practice scliool. 
To -whom our memory back-ward 

*Tis to you, ttie seniors, -whose 

days are o'er. 
Inscribe the Index of Nineteen- 






O you, who on the path of life 

Have passed this place of meeting, 
By the Index, now, amid your strife, 
Old Normal sends you greeting. 

For you, oh student of some future year- 
And time will e'er be fleeting — 

Who stories of our greatness hear, 
This Index holds a greeting. 

To you, who are our readers now. 

Students, alumni, friends, 
The Senior class here makes her bow, 

And greetings to you sends. 



Board of Education 

of the State of 

Enoch A. Gastman, Decatur, President. 

Alfred Bayliss, Springfield, Ex-Officio Member and Secretary. 

Charles L. Capen, Bloomington. 

William R. Sandham, Wyoming. 

E. R. E. KiMBROUGH, Danville. 

Mrs. Ella F. Young, 5342 Cornell Ave., Chicago. 

Peleg R. Walker, Rockford. 

Forrest F. Cook, Galesburg. 

Jacob A. Baily, Hartford Bld'g, Chicago. 

George B. Harrington, Princeton. 

William H. Hainline, Macomb. 

Joseph L. Robertson, Peoria. 

B. O. Willard, Rushville. 

J. Stanley Brown, Joliet. 

F. D. Marquis, Bloomington, Treasurer. 


The Faculty 

David Felmley, A.B., - ---------- President 

Philosophy of Education 

Henry McCormick, Ph. D., --------- Vice-President 

History and Civics 

J. Rose Colby, Ph.D., - _-. Preceptress 


BuEL P. CoLTON, A. M., -------- Biological Sciences 

O. L. Manchester, A. M., - - Latin, German and Economics 

George H. Howe, Ph. D., A. M., - - - - - Mathematics 

Elizabeth Mavity, ------- Supervisor of Practice 

Manfred J. Holmes, B. L., - - - Mental Science and Didactics 
Douglas C. Ridgley, A. B. --------- Geography 

Amelia F. Lucas, ------------- Reading 

Fred. D. Barber, B. S., -------- Physical Science 

Chestine Gowdy, ------------- Grammar 

Fred W. Westhoff, _--_--------. Music 

Clarissa E. Ela, ------- Drawing 

Mabel L. Cummings, ----- Gymnastics 

William T. Bawden, B. A., - - - - - - - - Manual Training 



The FacuUv 1/ 

Assistants and Critic 

Mary Hartmann, A. M., --------- Mathematics 

Eva Wilkins, ---------- History and Geography 

Irene M. Blanchard, B. A., - - - Languages 

Elmer W. Cavins, Penmanship and Orthography 

John P. Stewart, A. B., A. M., - - - Nature Study and Physics 
Enoch A. Fritter, A. B., - - - - - - Supt. of City Schools 

Critic Teachers 

Isaac N. Warner, Twelfth Grade and Principal of Practice School 
Marien C. Lyons, ---------- Eleventh Grade 

Rose A. Bland, ----------- Ninth Grade 

Jessie M. Dillon, ----------- Sixth Grade 

Jessie Cunningham, ---------- Fourth Grade 

Florence Stevens, ---------- Third Grade 

LuRA Eyestone, ------ Second Grade 

LoRA M. Dexheimer, ---- First Grade 

Caroleen Robinson, -- -- Kindergarten 

Ange V. Milner, ------ - Librarian 

Virginia McLochlin, -------- Assistant Librarian 

Bruno Nehrling, ------------- Gardener 

Flora P. Dodge, ._-------.- Stenographer 

12 Indejc 

The Faculty 

ROFESSOR McCORMICK has served longer on the faculty 
than any other member, having been chosen in 1869. Miss 
Hartmann entered the faculty in 1882, Miss Ela in 1888, 
Mr. Colton in 1888, Mr. Manchester in 1890, President 
Felmley in 1890, Miss Colby in 1892, Miss Wilkins in 1892, 
Miss Lucas in 1892, Mr. Holmes 1897. Two or three other members 
of the present faculty came in the years immediately following 1897. 

By the foregoing record of service it is clearly shown that the Board 
of Education is very conservative, for when it gets a good teacher, 
he is held as long as possible. It is true, however, that several pro- 
fessors have been lured away during the past decade by larger salaries 
than could be given them here. As an instance, one well paid pro- 
fessor was taken to a western state not long ago by an increase of about 
50 per cent, in salary. An institution which pays good salaries is in 
a flourishing condition, as to the personnel of the teaching force, when 
some members of the faculty are taken away each year by other in- 
stitutions which have more money and want better teachers. While 
loss is experienced by such a drain, there are some redeeming features, 
for our president and the Board of Education generally succeed in 
getting people who can fill with credit to themselves, and the school, 
the positions they hold. 

Several members of the faculty have written books. Professor 
Colton deserves special mention in this connection. He has put the 
methods and matter he uses so forcefully in class into text-books on 
physiology and zoology. His books rank high among the text-books 
in these sciences. Many members of the faculty have written mono- 
graphs on practical school subjects. The latest one published is by 
Professor Ridgley on the subject, "The School Excursion and the 
School Museum as Aids in the Teaching of Geography." 

Several new members came into the faculty at the beginning of 
this year. A very brief sketch of each is all that can be given. 

-^ Douglas C. Ridgley. 

Professor Ridgley is a Hoosier state man. He is a graduate of the 
Indiana State Normal School (1891). After spending one year as 
principal of the North Manchester High School he entered the Indiana 
State University. From this he graduated in 1893. From 1895 to 
1900 Mr. Ridgley taught biology and physical geography in the West 
Division High School in Chicago ; during the past three years he served 
as principal of the Victor F. Lawson Grammar School in the same city. 
Mr. Ridgley is a man of strong personality and pleasant manners and is 
influential among the student body. He possesses the power of develop- 
ing a subject logically, clearly and forcefully in the class room. He 



The FacuUy 15 

knows his work and is not lost without an outline book before him. 
In Mr. Ridgley, as head of the department of geography, the faculty 
has one of its strongest members. 

John P. Stewart. 

Mr. Stewart is assistant in biology and physics and succeeds Charles 
Whitten. He graduated from the I. S. N. U. in 1899. During the 
next two years he taught latin, biology and physics in the Biggs ville 
Township High School. The following year he received the degree 
of A. B. from the University of Illinois. In September, 1902, he en- 
tered Cornell University and did special work in biology and horticulture 
under Professors Bailey, Atkinson and Comstock. In June, 1903, he 
received the degree of A. M. from Cornell. Mr. Stewart is pleasant, 
affable, second best singer on the faculty and a first-class man in the 
athletics of the school. 

WiLLi.'VM T. Bawden. 

Professor Bawden is at the head of the manual training depart- 
ment. He and his work are very popular among both students and 
faculty. Mr. Bawden has been graduated from more schools than 
any other member of the faculty. The list is as follows: Mechanics' 
Institute, Rochester, N. Y., 1898, Doane Academy 1892, Denison Uni- 
versity 1896, Teachers' College, Columbia University 1903. He is 
eminently qualified for his work and is making the new department so 
strong that new quarters must be provided for manual training in the 
near future. Mr. Bawden is a good athlete. Mr. Stewart and he are 
good as coaches and trainers in all of the athletic work done by the 

Mabel Louise Cummings. 

Miss Cummings is a native of Massachusetts. She is a graduate 
of the Boston Normal School of Physical Education. Miss Cummings 
is an ardent advocate of the Swedish system of gymnastics. She is 
an excellent instructor and it is needless to say that the girls have had 
the best of training. 

Isaac N. Warner. 

Mr. Warner has been succeeding well as principal of the training 
School. He is a native of Illinois and was graduated from the I. S. N. U. 
in 1900. He has had several years of experience in public school 
work and is a strong man for the position. 

Florence Grace Stevens. 

Miss Stevens is a graduate of the Oswego Normal School, having 
taken the special course for critic teachers. She has had charge of 
the first primary and is an excellent teacher. 



Historical Sketch 

IHEN Illinois was admitted to the Union in 1818 the 
federal government provided endowments for higher 
education known as the college and seminary funds. 
For nearly forty years no permanent disposition of 
these funds was agreed upon. Some wished to found a 
state university such as Virginia had established at 
Monticello ; the friends of the various denominational 
colleges urged a division of the funds among them; 
the backward condition of elementary education led 
others to advocate an institution for the training 
of teachers. With the powerful backing of the 
Prairie Farmer and the State Teachers' Association 
the last idea prevailed. On February 18, 1857, 
Governor Bissell signed the act creating the Illinois State Normal 

Among the various competing cities Bloomington secured the in- 
stitution by offering $141,000. A noble building was planned; con- 
tracts were let; the foundation was built; then the financial crash of 
1857 brought building operations to a standstill. In two years, work 
was resumed, the building completed and dedicated in January i86i. 
Meanwhile the school had opened. On October 5, 1857, nineteen 
students had gathered in Major's Hall in Bloomington to greet the 
principal, Charles E. Hovey, and his assistant, Ira Moore. Both were 
men of rare ability, but the outbreak of the Civil War summoned both 
to the Union army. President Hovey led a regiment and became a 
brigadier general. After the war Mr. Moore became president of the 
St. Cloud, Minnesota, Normal School and later accepted a similar 
position at Los Angeles. 

In the fall of i860 school was opened in the incomplete new build- 
ing. The faculty had increased to ten, the student body averaged 
about 175. 

In 1857 Mary Brooks, an accomplished primary teacher, was brought 
from Peoria, to open an "experimental school" as a supplementary 
feature of the Normal University. This became very popular. Pro- 
vision was made in the new building for a model school of all grades. 
All the children from Normal and many from Bloomington were en- 
rolled in the model school. Its high school department soon won a 
high reputation. Such men as W. L. Pillsbury and H. J. Barton of 
the University of Illinois, Edmund J. James of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity, Charles F. Childs, Lester L. Burrington, and O. L. Manchester 
have been its principals. 

The model school in the early days was mainly a school for obser- 
vation. Not much teaching was required of the normal students, and 
that was not carefully supervised. In 1867 the school had grown 
so large as to demand an additional building, which was erected by 
the school board of the village. In 1868 the Normal University dis- 
continued the supervision and instruction of the pupils in the new 
building. Not until 1873 was the value of practice teaching adequately 
recognized. In that year the Training Department was organized 
with Thomas Metcalf as its first principal. 

The war made serious inroads upon the Normal University; six of 

The Insihution 17 

its faculty and in all one hundred eleven of its students enlisted. Three 
of the new professors called to fill the vacancies, as well as Ira Moore 
and E. C. Hewett, who had come in 1858, were graduates of the Mass- 
achusetts State Normal School in Bridgewater. Here they had been 
under the instruction of a West Point graduate, Nicholas Tillinghast, 
who, by his thoroness, his accurate temper, his devotion, his fidelity 
to the truth, and his unsparing contempt for sham, for laziness, and 
frivolity, stamped these sterling qualities upon his students. 

Of these five Bridgewater men, Richard Edwards was president 
from 1862 to 1876, Edwin C. Hewett from 1876 to 1890. Albert Stet- 
son and Thomas Metcalf served in the faculty twenty-five and thirty- 
three years respectively. Most of the other teachers were pupils of the 
five. Hence during these years, 1862-1890, the institution underwent 
little change. Into all its students it breathed its peculiar life, and 
that life was the spirit of Tillinghast. The school won a great reputa- 
tion for thoroness in the common branches. Every student owned 
a copy of Lippincott's Gazetteer. He learned to read with the fervor 
of Dr. Edwards, to pronounce with the precision of Mr. Metcalf, to 
spell the sesquipedalian terms of the dictionarie<? under the leader- 
ship of Dr. Hewett. 

The period, 1888-95, saw many significant changes in the life of the 
institution. Buel P. Colton, who had studied biology at Johns Hopkins 
under pupils of Huxley, introduced his methods into the department 
'of science. In the same year Charles DeGarmo returned to the institu- 
tion after three years of philosophy and pedagogy at Halle and Jena. 
Several of the faculty became interested in German thought and met 
weekly in a philosophy club, under the leadership of George P. Brown. 
In 1890 John W. Cook became president. Himself the product of 
the old spirit, for he had been identified with the institution for twenty- 
seven years, he saw its limitations, as well as its power, and soon with 
characteristic energy began to strengthen the school. The training 
department received his first attention. A new building was erected. 
Frank McMurry, Charles McMurry, and C. C. VanLiew, all of whom 
had studied with Dr. Rein at Jena, came into the department of pedagogy 
and practice. The courses in psychology and pedagogy were lengthened. 
The elementary course in the model school was reorganized along 
Herbartian lines; three critic teachers were employed, beside paid 
student-assistants to care for the various school rooms. The various 
departmental and society libraries were consolidated and put in charge 
of a regular librarian; instruction in physical training was provided, 
and in 1895 a beautiful fire-proof building erected to contain gymnasium, 
library, museum, and scientific laboratories. 

The years, 1893-98, saw a rapid growth in the attendance in the 
Normal department. This expansion was due in part to the business 
depression with its restricted opportunities for employment. A deeper 
cause was the growing recognition of the value of professional training 
for teachers, the same conviction that has since 1895 established three 
additional State normal schools in Illinois. Because of the crowded 
condition of the school, the high school was discontinued in 1895. 
• Prior to this date a uniform three-year course had been provided for 
all normal students. Any desiring additional instruction in ancient 
or modern languages entered the high school classes in these branches. 
It was now found advisable to establish a two-year course for students 
of superior preparation, and a four-year course, including Latin and 
Greek or German, for such as were looking to a future college course. 

is Indejc 

The trustees of the Northern Ilhnois State Normal School desiring 
to open their school with the highest possible prestige, induced President 
Cook to take charge of the school at DeKalb. Upon his resignation, 
in 1899, Arnold Tompkins, of the chair of education of the Univer- 
sity of Illinois was called to the presidency of this institution. He 
had been a student and teacher in the Indiana State Normal School, 
at Terre Haute, and had later won distinction as an educational writer 
and lecturer of rare power. After a single year of service he accepted 
the principalship of the Chicago Normal School. The most signifi- 
cant event of his adminstration was a thoro-going revision of the course 
of study, adapting it to the varying needs of different grades of students, 
and providing various elective courses for the training of special teachers. 
In the reorganization of the training department the instructor in 
the method of the recitation was made the supervisor of practice and 
eight critic teachers were provided for the eight grades of the model 

In 1900 David Felmley, for ten years teacher of mathematics, 
became president. The subsequent development of the school has 
been largely along lines planned by President Tompkins. The more 
generous appropriations of the legislature have made it possible. A 
kindergarten has been established to supplement the primary work. 
Additional teachers of geography and natural science have been em- 
ployed. Special teachers of vocal music, physical training, and manual 
training have been added to the faculty. A school garden has been 
laid out and the grounds placed in charge of a competent landscape 
gardener. The buildings have been improved and beautified, and 
the equipment of every department has been enlarged. 

After the abolition of the high school, in 1895, the attendance in 
the lower grades of the model school steadily declined, and became too 
small for the needs of the training department. After a long prelim- 
inary discussion in April, 1901, an agreement was made with the lo- 
cal school board providing for a union of the model school with the 
local school system, somewhat similar to that existing prior to 1868. 
The arrangement has proved, on the whole, satisfactory to the local 
school board and to the normal school authorities, but has not yet 
won the approval of some citizens of Normal. 


At various times in the history of the school an attempt has been 
made to provide instruction for teachers unable to attend during the 
regular terms. Summer institutes from two to three weeks in length 
were held in the sixties, in 1895, 1896, and 1898. For a few years about 
1885 the school year began early in August to afford a month's instruc- 
tion during the summer vacation. With the enactment of a law in 
1872 requiring all teachers to be examined in the elements of the natural 
sciences came a strong demand for special sumijier courses in these 
branches. In 1875 a summer school was provided with the eminent 
naturalist, Burt G. Wilder, of Cornell, as chief lecturer. The attendance 
was limited to fifty. The school was continued as a private enter- 
prise at irregular intervals until 1899. Beginning in 1900 the insti- 
tution has offered its regular courses in six weeks' terms, the students 
reciting twice a da}^ in each major subject. For three years two con- 
secutive terms have been offered; the attendance in the past four 
summers has been 444, 453, 6ox, 629. Tuition is now free. Almost 
every county in the state has been represented in these summer schools ; 

The Injiitution 2/ 

nearly one-half of the enrollment each year consists of former students. 
It is now necessary to employ several extra teachers to assist the regu- 
lar faculty. 

This institution is unique among normal schools in the size and 
value of its museum of natural history. At the time of the founding 
of the Normal University there was in Illinois a growing interest in 
natural science and a wide spread belief that it was to do much for 
the western farmer. Indeed, one of the chief aims of the Normal 
school, as stated in the original act, was "to impart instruction in 
the elements of the natural sciences, including agricultural chemistry 
and animal and vegetable physiology." In 1857 was organized the 
State Natural History Society of Illinois, which held annual meetings, 
published papers, and accumulated specimens to be placed in the 
State Normal University. After 1867 the legislature apptopriated 
$2,500 per annum for the salary of the curator. The collections grew 
until they filled all available space. Many high schools were pro- 
vided with cabinets of specimens. Finally, in 1885, the surplus col- 
lections were removed to Springfield and Champaign, the latter city 
becoming the seat of the state laboratory. The successive curators 
were John W. Powell, the eminent western explorer. Dr. George Vasey, 
and Stephen A. Forbes. 


When the institution was founded it was expected that the moneys 
subscribed to secure the location would erect the building, and that 
the seminary fund and tuition receipts would meet running expenses. 
Because of the financial reverses of 1857, many subscriptions were 
lost. Nearly $80,000 was appropriated by the legislature to complete 
the building. The income from the seminary funds never reached 
$13,000 per annum. The General Assembly has made regular appro- 
priations for maintenance since 1867. Since that date, for additional 
buildings and other permanent improvements, $132,000 has been 

The average annual income from all sources, by decades, has been: 

From Tuition 

From State 



other sources 








4,161 .92 




5,127 .22 











The body governing the Illinois State Normal University is known 
as the State Board of Education. The State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction is ex-officio its secretary; the fourteen other members 
are appointed by the governor for terms of six years. The succes- 
sive governors have usually seen fit to reappoint the same men, so 
few names appear in the roll of members. Most of them have been 
practical teachers or public men actively identified with the develop- 
ment of education in Illinois. Among the list we find Samuel W. 
Moulton, of Shelby ville, author of the law establishing our public 
school system; Hon. W. H. Green, of Cairo, one of its most vigorous 



supporters on the floor of the house, forty-one years a member of the 
board and nineteen years its president; Calvin Goudy of Tajdorville, 
a member of the same legislature, who for twenty-six years had been 
a vigorous advocate of public schools; B. G. Roots, the veteran teacher 
of Tamaroa, for fifty years an educational leader in Southern Illinois; 
C. E. Hovey and Simeon Wright, commissioned in 1853 by the teachers 
of Illinois, the one to edit their paper, rhe Illinois Teacher, the other 
to canvass the state in advocacy of the free public school; George 
A. Bunsen, Superintendent of Schools of Belleville, once a pupil of 
Pestalozzi; Superintendent George Rowland; and District Superinten- 
dent Ella F. Young, of the Chicago schools; B. L. Dodge, of Oak Park; 
E. A. Gastman, of Decatur; P. R. Walker, of Rockford; County Super- 
intendents Sandham, Harrington, Robertson, and others of scarcely 
less prominence. 


In the forty-seven years of its history 68 men and 55 women have 
served as members of the regular faculty. The more prominent of 
these not in the present faculty have been already mentioned. Many 
have spent the best of their lives in the service of the institution, others 
have been called to posts of higher responsibilities in other institutions. 

In all, 15,648 students have attended the Normal University. 
The majority of these have done not more than one year's work, yet 
nearly all haVe taught in the public schools. Largely dependent 
upon their own resources, they have stepped aside to teach. Their 
success opened to them more attractive positions, to be accepted, 
year after year, until finally all hope of graduation was abandoned. 

In the early years the representation of the sexes was nearly equal. 
As late as 1890 one-third of the students were men; now only 22 per 
cent are of the vanishing sex, altho the percentage of male graduates 
remains somewhat higher. The average age of the student is about 
21. The following table shows the average annual enrollment by 
decades : 



























The total number of Alumni of the Normal School is 1,302, besides 
193 graduates of the High School, less than nine per cent of the total 
enrollment. It is needless to say that they have given a good account 
of themselves. From Boston to the Golden Gate, as teachers of every 
grade, from rural school to university, they have brought renown 
to their alma mater, and amply justified it's creation and support. 
While some have achieved high distinction in other professions, it 
is nevertheless true that nearly all have devoted a goodly portion 
of their lives to this profession, the first graduate just completing his 
forty-fourth year as head of the Decatur schools. 

C/>e Institution 23 

The present year has witnessed a diminished attendance at most 
Normal schools in the Central States. It does not argue that people 
place less value upon professional training. The abundant avenues 
of employment in times of commercial activity lure away from our 
profession many of the less successful, many who do not find that 
they are called to teach. The scarcity of teachers empties the normal 
schools. This institution has been a heavy loser in point of attendance; 
and it is doubtful whether, for many years to come, the attendance 
will rise to the point attained in 1897. In some states, such as Indiana, 
Iowa, and Kansas, we find a single great normal school with hundreds 
of students, extensive buildings and all the enthusiasm and momentum 
that great numbers afford. In most of the northern states, however, 
we find several institutions, each the educational center of a somewhat 
limited area. In these smaller institutions we find the close personal 
touch of teacher and pupil, the careful instruction, the earnest spirit, 
the opportunity for the best individual growth and excellence that 
is too often lacking in our gr^t institutions. By multiplying her 
normal schools, Illinois has signified that she considers the latter con- 
siderations vital in the training of teachers. 



ifn iE^mortam 

iEfitella Id. Sromfarfiig^ 

drfm HaUpg. SUimiia 


26 Indejc 


Queen Regent ------------ Helen Tuthill 

Lord High Chancellor and Keeper of the Records - Ernest E. Edmunds 
Purveyor and Signer of the Money Cheques - - I. B. McMurtry 
Attendant upon Her Majesty ------ Lorinda Perry 

Proclaimer of the Royal Decrees - - - - J. Roscoe Stbagall 

Worthy Occupier of the Spoon Holder - - - - Mae McGuire 

Commander of the Queen's Body Guard - - - Harry Burgess 

***** And in those days, there dwelt a tribe in the very 
heart of the domain which assumed the leadership. For some years 
they had been struggling to reach this possession, and once attained, 
the other members of the confederation were brought under subjec- 
tion. Not without some defeats, however, for, tho of undaunted spirit, 
the number of fighting forces available was not sufficient to cope with 
the hordes poured against them by their unruly neighbors. 

Precedent it was, I suppose, as much as superiority, that won and 
held for that worthy fifty its place in the history of the land in which 
they dwelt. Theirs had been a gradual rise and upon the retirement 
of the tribe in power they had quite naturally stepped into the place. 
The dynastj?^ was not lasting, however, and after a brief supremacy 
this tribe, having, as it were, attained the object of their desires in 
that land, gave over their leadership to a new people which had been 
developing under their tutelage. This done, the fifty dispersed to 
assume the government and guidance of the many tribes who dwelt in 
the borders of this cultured land. 

One of the fifty, (a presuming fellow, as many thought him at that 
time, but whom I hope they have since come to look upon as a true 
benefactor) in whose hands were placed the historical writings of the 
tribe, endeavored to secure a writing from each member to preserve 
as a legacy. These tablets were discovered in a fair state of preserva- 
tion and with a few exceptions, we reproduce them as they were written. 

We feel imposed upon. As it is, the seniors have 
time for everything except their lessons. 

The reason is that they are kept so busy by the 
various student enterprises that time for themselves 
is practically unknown. 

But these organizations must exist since a portion 
of the welfare of the institution depends upon them. 
And since we are forgiven for sharing our valuable 
time with these, perhaps it would be just as well 
did the seniors not complain. Helen Tuthill. 

The I. S. N. U. has given the class of 1904 many 
valuable lessons thru "unconscious tuition." The 
school has installed and operated successfully a manual 
training department, when floor space and workers 
were not in proportion ; laid out a school garden so 
systematically that even the bare earth appeared 
beautiful; and has shown that garden in all stages, 
from potting of plants to blooming of flowers. Further, 
it has beautified the campus by granitoid walks, new 
lawns, rare trees and shrubbery, and decorated the 
interior of the main building and library in a manner 
that will give us beautiful ideals for years to come. 

George B. Kendall. 

What shall I write? I don't want to have any of 
my wise sayings put in print where every one may 
read them. But ah, me! these Index men! It is only 
eight days a week that I am told, "Now, you write an 
editorial, or we'll write a 'daisy' for you." 

Daisy A. Skinner. 

It may be true that there are some people in Southern 
Illinois who say "i'dea" and "right smart" but, my 
dear friends, don't smile when Egypt is mentioned 
just because others do. Of course we do not ha\-e 
glacial drift and our corn rows are not so long as in 
Central Illinois, but our hillsides produce fine clover, 
wheat and apples. 

With all due respect to the young men of the senior 
class, I should like to add (this is for the girls) , that 
the young men of Southern Illinois are by no means 
a minus quantity. Gertrude O. Swain. 


To those I leave in the I. S. N. U. : — Since the Index 
editors have given us a chance to say what we please, 
I'll proceed to give some advice. 

My advice is to the girls, and is, that you join the 
Girls' Glee Club if you can, even if it is necessary 
for you to drop a study, for you can have a good 
time, even tho' you do ha\-e to work hard. Above all 
things else in your singing you should consider the 
matter of volume, for if you don't have V-O-L-U-M-E, 
your harmonized voices and melody amount to naught 
in the opinion of our President. 

Alice Pollock. 

A person can't be dignified and yet be addicted 
to the habit of serenading young ladies at ten o'clock 
on their balcony. He ought not to be accused of 
eating a whole pan of fudges if he is as lean as I am — 
unless Ed-u-ds made the fudges. He can't be a flirt 
and yet go with the same girl as regularly as I do. 
He can't be lazy and yet be an Index editor. More- 
over, he can't have a good record in everything that 
he attempts if he attempts everything. How diverse 
are the opinions of us students! Do not believe 
everything you hear but allow fifteen-sixteenths for 

BuRLEY C. Johnston. 


I feel that I have missed a great deal in that I was 
unable to attend that wonderful circus. It is too 
bad that such a good thing can't be sent out on the 
road. I know if it should be sent thru Chicago and 
Boston it would make a hit in at least one of the 
places. But I must stop saying those sad words — 
"I might have been there." 

Alice P. Watson. 

The Sapphonian Society affords many and various 
opportunities to our girls. By means of the commit- 
tees many lines of interesting work are carried out. 
A girl with a special interest in Literature iTiay join 
the Literature Committee, while one interested in 
Music may join the Music Committee. The great 
advantage of the Society is in the fact that a new 
committee may be formed at any time. 

PIelen Delaxev. 


Of all the memories of our Normal days, the pleasant 
faces of our pupils will ever stand in the foreground. 

Norma Proctor. 

I wish to explain to the boys why I did not attend 
Cicero this past year. Thej^ are entirely to blame. 
They do not permit the ladies to attend and so I 
have been coinpelled to cease attending. I am sorry, 
but all understand my position. 

J. Roscoe Steagali.. 


While in high school I bvirned with a desire to know 
all of the latest slang. But that fire has been quenched. 
Now I can't bear such expressions as "Oh! deah," or 
"By Jinks" and others. Now I see the wrong and 
wish to form a society for the "Purification of the 
American Girl's Language." I have not outlined my 
course of action, but hope some day to sing with 
the poet: 
"Hail to the graduating girl, who is sweeter far than 

Who when she talks, speaks no slang and chews no 

chewing gum. " Lorinda Jane Perry 

I tell you with sincerity 

To insure the prosperity 

And increase the celerity 

Of the arrival at maturity 

Of this generation and its posterity 

We must demand with asperity 

And enforce with severity 

The instruction of geography. 

A. M. Newton. 

The faculty of the I. S. N. U. does not appreciate 
the many disadvantages Bloomington girls have in 
getting to Normal to do rhetorical work or to attend 
the lectures and receptions. Bloomington girls should 
be excused from attending these or provision made 
for bringing them out. The girls lose the chief advan- 
tages of school life. They hope some plan can be 
adopted to aid them in attending these functions. 
Mr. Holmes, as a committee of one, should be ap- 
pointed to buy an automobile-bus to make trips to 
and from Bloomington on these nights, expenses to 
1jc defrayed by the Faculty. 

Myrtle Disbrow. 

Studies arc liiiishcd at Normal, and yet, after all, 
it is rather a sad thought. But then, look back 
over the complex mass of subject confronted and 
overcome. Proud, dignified, worthy Seniors! It is 
a title well earned. Is it any wonder the Juniors 
envy us and try to capture, yea even do capture, some 
of our sweet girls (and dummies) ? 

C. Rov BosLOUGii. 

A word to the wise is stifficient. Upon entering 
Mr. MeCormick's classes be sure you know "who 
discovered America, how and why." A secret (don't 
tell him), that's his pet test question. Answer it, and 
you have fotind the way into his heart. Begin to 
study HOW. Prcjjare to meet your fate. 

Alice Svmons. 

To sing is laudable. To serenade is more so. It is 
not a question of serenading but rather how, when and 
where you do it. In ye olden times ye serenader 
stood beneath the balcony and did his duty. This 
is the common way of doing the deed. I would advise 
all who expect to do such work to follow in the beaten 
paths. The modern way is to mount to the roof; 
but I advise you not to do this if the landlady is at 
home. Elizabeth Page. 

Do you know how to locate 
and light a schoolhouse ? No ? 
prepared by Section A. Each 
and exhaustive study of some 
tecture, hygiene or decoration, 
work, and I have no criticism 
that such work should also be 

build, ventilate, heat 
Well, read the papers 
student made a special 
phase of school archi- 
This was most excellent 
to offer except to say 
done by the first j-ear 
I. B. McMuRTRY. 

Should you ask me how these Seniors, 

How these grave and studious Seniors, 

With the wisdom of the ages 

Gleaned from many thumb-marked pages, 

Came to reach such dizzy heights? 

I should answer, I should tell you — 

I repeat it as I heard it 

In the shadowy realm of dreams — 

"From the kindergarten upward, 

Step by step, btit slowly upward 

Toiled they; never fearing, 

Never faltering by the way; 

Till at last the)^ reached the Normal : 

Freshmen, Sophs, then Juniors were they. 

Climbing upward evermore; 

Till at last they'\'e reached the summit — 

Seniors! Seniors! Nineteen Four!" 

Esther B. Foster. 

To new Students; — When your grades are eights 
and you wish to impress your audience, to whom 
you have told your grade, say that occasionally you 
looked over the lessons at recess. Don't be afraid 
people will believe you. 

To the Juniors; — -If A (who got 79 on his theme) 
remarks that he wrote the article in two hours, it 
stands to reason that you (who got 77) wrote yours 
in an hour and a half. Harry Burgess. 


To the future pupil teacher: — My whole heart is with 
you, and I feel it my duty to alleviate some of your 
future misery by a timely word. When asked to 
rewrite plans, do it gladly and joyfully; attend the 
teachers' meetings regardless of length or number; 
reflect upon everything you hear there, whether it 
has been given before or not. But never, oh never, 
try to escape these meetings as some of our worthy 

seniors have done , ; . , — ! ! ! 

Bertha Duerkop. 

The first thing that is needed in making a garden 
is a well-drained plot of land. It is nice, where pos- 
sible, to have a gardener. Where a gardener is not 
obtainable, it is well to follow these directions: — 
Plow your ground and make your seedbeds. Plant 
yotir seeds when it is time. After the plants come 
up, tend them, and perhaps you will get results. 

I am in a position to give further information if 
called upon. Helen A. Wilson. 


The kindergarten is a comparatively new feature 
in the school. It is largely attended and offers more 
pleasant work for the student teachers, who intend 
doing primary work, than any other department of 
the training school. Under the direction of the very 
efficient instructor in charge, a most systematic study 
of child life is made. The teacher is afforded no 
better opportunity for studying the child than watch- 
ing his free actions in games and play. All primary 
teachers should understand the value and use of the 
kindergarten gaines and gifts. 

Mrs. I. B. McMurtrv. 

It is the opinion of many business inen that the 
school teacher is ignorant of business affairs, and that 
the school does not aid the young man who contem- 
plates a business career. Perhaps the teacher is 
misjudged, and yet there is an element of jttstice in 
the criticism. The teacher should be something of 
a man of affairs. He should be in sympathy with 
the occupations of the pecjple in the vicinity where 
he is teaching. It is thru this knowledge that he is 
to come into vital touch with the children and be able 
to give them the foundation on which they build 
their business careers. Howard Stotler. 

President Fclmley in the years to come will leave 
his name associated with that of Jesse Fell, because 
he is having so many trees, shrubs and vines jilantcd 
on the campus. Last year 350 trees, 25 shrubs and 
(;o \'ines were jihinted. This year there ha\-e been 
210 trees, 100 \-ines and 200 shrubs put out. In the 
fall of 1902 many nuts and acorns were planted, 
mostly pecans. 'I'he seedlings are now a few inches 
high. Trees and shrubs which will supply food and 
offer nesting places for many \-aricties of l)irds are 
i,n\-(.'n special attention. Mrs. L. M. Jones, 

With all of the science that has been taught in the 
pviblic schools of Normal it is strange that the people 
have not observed the fact that water will run down- 
hill. In btiilding their sidewalks they make them 
concave rather than convex. But who knows, perhaps 
they are a farsighted peo])lc, and see a time coming 
when this region will lie a desert and intend to use the 
walks as aqueducts to carry water to their gardens. 

Lkna A. Walworth. 


During my attendance at this University the 
fact of the excellence of the school has been con- 
tinually impressed upon me, both by what people in 
and out of it have said, and by the attendance of 
students from other states. One of the most im- 
portant factors in maintaining this high standard 
of excellence is the Faculty. Their spirit of intense 
earnestness, thoroness and helpfulness to individual 
students; their power of making clear and concise 
explanations; and their power of holding their classes 
to a high standard of work, not only help in a large 
degree to make this institution what it is, but also 
inspires those who leave with high ideals of what 
school teaching ought to be. Jessie Damon. 

Sometimes when we were worried and cross we have 
said hard words at the Normal University. But, 
after all, we have a \ery deep feeling of appreciation 
for the school. And way down deep in our hearts 
those hard words have been erased and something 
better has taken their place. Mrs. Eda Hunter. 

To participate in athletics demands time. The 
question arises how carry latin and athletics, too. 
Some fertile mind has devised a means of doing both. 
This fertile mind says : ' ' Get thee a pony and then 
you may play basket-ball." This solution has a 
drawback. Your bright remarks and ready trans- 
lations bring you an invitation to appear in the office. 
Then your joys become sorrows and your ponies 
white elephants. The cjuestion arises again. 

THOM-A.S P. Sinnett. 

Something is wrong with the spirit of our societies, 
Wrightonia and Philadelphia. Those who have been 
most closely connected with the society work feel 
that the compulsory participation rule has operated 
exactly opposite to what was intended. A few may 
be helped who would not work otherwise; but the 
society spirit no longer exists. No one takes part in 
society who does not have to; nor does he appear on 
the program more than once, as a rule. When he 
has "made his credit," he feels no more responsibility; 
nor does he attend if he has a fairly good excuse for 
remaining away. Cannot this be changed? 

Ethel Dole. 

Wrightonia is dying 

Without our trying 

To save her. 

Let us begin 

Her honors to win 

Back from the faculty's clutches. 

In the fall term 

Was laid the germ 

To kill her 

Down with compulsion! 

Better expulsion 

Than Wrightonia's loss of glory. 

Myrtle Trowbridge. 

O, teachers, that have been to me 
More than books, in future be 
The guide to others who would go 
Up the struggHng path toward truth. O, 
Give to many the inward joy 
That you have given to me! 

Anna Maud Lantz. 

Fellow Students, Seniors of 1905: 

From the depths of my heart comes the desire to 
save you from the moments of excitement, disgust, 
and despair thro which I have passed these past few 
weeks. Do, I beseech you, take my advice. See to it 
that at the first Senior meeting next September, a 
motion be carried which shall prohibit the Index 
managers from asking you to write your own editorials. 

Edith Mobsman. 

Normal is noted for the teachers sent out annually. 
The best (the finished product) , are the seniors. They 
excel in strength, patience, wisdom, learning and 
endurance. A by-product is the unfinished grade 
taken from the freshmen, sophmores and juniors. 
These are tested for adulterants by school boards and 
county superintendents. After the rough edges are 
knocked ofif they are returned to be made into the 
finished product. Perrv Hiles. 


1 am indeed thankful to the editors of the Index 
for this opportunity of publicly disavowing all the 
stories made vip about me in regard to the senior 
girls' leap year party. There were no dogs in the 
deal, and altho some girls who were "out of caste" 
tried their best to interfere, they ingloriously failed. 
Furthermore, who is A\mt Elsie? 

Mah McGuire. 


W- 1)1(11 lie who read this book j^rolit Ijy my advice. 
Tell not all your troul)les to those in the lower sections. 
'I'hcN' will enjoy life more, and so will you. Expose 
not all your wisdom to the faculty, or they will expect 
too much of you. Do e\erything just right. Angenktte Crissev. 

Some have written in poetry and some have written 
in prose. But the rest of this I'll write in blank verse. 

— — — — — — ! 

— — — — — ? 

Nelle Rice. 


The Index man is ever near, 

You can't escape his vision. 

He sees the very things you think; 

He knows whene'er your eyelids blink; 

He's no respect for dignity, 

He'll tell whate'er he pleases. 

Ye Juniors will Seniors be 

And you'll have Index men; 

Be careful that you treat them right, 

Then they'll not write you up in spite. 

You certainly will happy be 

If you please the Index man. 

Elizabeth Matheny. 

How often we hear it said, and think 

That school, with its multiplied tasks, 
Deadens our spirits and fails to link 

What is useful to what is not. 
Little do we realize that every item 

In the routine of each dreary hour 
Is a chapter in life's history. 

Helping us attain the sought for power. 
E. V. Laughlin. 

To write or not to write! 

That is the question." 

I have decided not to write. 

Olive Hunting. 


In years to come, when the alumni pictures that 
now adorn (?) the halls of the I. S. N. U. shall have 
been relegated to a Museum of Antiquities, I shall be 
glad to have my likeness there with the photographs 
of my nephews and nieces of the class of 1904. And 
remember, my classmates, your memory will ever be 
held dear in the life of Aunt Elsie. 


To the Seniors of 1905: 

You indeed are fortunate to have had such an 
ilkistrious class immediately preceding you. They 
have set up ideals for you, perfectly faultless, and 
predict for you a remarkable career. 

You may leave, if you wish, your essays, themes, 
etc., to be written the evening before they are to be 
handed in, for inspiration always conies at the eleventh 

Even tho you are a Senior, it is perhaps well 
that you have your credit in Rhetoricals before the 
end of the term. 

Do not, in any way or by any action, lower the 
standard upheld by your predecessors. 

Dora E. Mau. 


And here is a Senior without a story. What is one 
to do when nothing will happen from which a story 
could possibly originate ? But when editorials must 
be written for an Inde.K, it behooves this honorable 
and most worthy Senicjr girl to have a thought. 

It is of course granted that the class of 1904 is a 
\-ery unusual class, and the fact that this model 
vSenior is one of its members, only pro\'es that this 
is true. ■ Josephine Perry. 

The seniors "skunned" the juniors, 20 to 10, when 
the basket-ball game was "pulled off." "I don't 
care," "at any rate," "I guess" it is "sartin" that 
the juniors "pulled off" the senior dummy deal in 
grand style. We "guess" the brilliant juniors "cover 
themselves with glory" before commencement 1905 
is "pulled off." Edward Criss. 

A iTiember of the class of "naughty- four" takes 
the opportunity to express her a])prcciation of the 
just criticisms, in regard to school-work, that have 
licen visited upon us as nieml)c'rs of the class by our 
|)rc'si<lent, Mr. Felmlcy. '!'<i those who come after 
us we would say that no inaUcr how much criticism 
you may receive, you will, in the end. be glad that 
it has been gix'cn. ' Mak K.njh; iii' Steele. 


At last we hax'c completed these years' work, and, 
at the time of writing this article, commencement 
is about to be "pulled off." We take this time to 
cnngratulate ourselves that if the juniors follow our 
illustrious precedent, no one need fear that that 
conservatism which is bound up in the Normal School 
will e\'er be departed from. In closing, we wish 
it distinctly understood that "we lox'c e\'ery brick in 
llie <Iear old building." Peari, I"^. Kindig. 

These class-room bells, these class-room bells, 
How many a tale their ring will tell. 
Of school, and friends, and teachers kind. 
When last we heard them ringing time. 

And so 'twill be when we are gone: 
These class-room bells will still ring on. 
While other seniors here to dwell 
Will sing your praise, sweet class-rooin bells. 

Fannie Bright. 


Stranger, when you happen into Normal do not 
think when you see a team standing still in the street 
that the drivers are so humane they rest their horses 
often. The driver is only waiting for the mud to dry, 
then he will move on. In speaking of inud, I believe 
Mr. Hiles said that this of Normal is the "best in 
the world," and he knows. 

Lena O. Dimmitt. 

Miss Hunting and I came to just about the same 
decision, as far as the^editorials were concerned. 

Helen F. Seelev. 

At last we succeeded in getting them all in — the 
editorials, I mean. Some of my worthy classmates 
threatened to overthrow the whole plan, but finallj' 
determined to help us out, and behold the result! 
I see that some have seen fit to parcel out bits cf 
advice, so I believe I shall just mention the fact that 
I wish to be in correspondence with some member 
of the^Index staff of 1905. I think I shall be able to 
tell something of interest. 

Ernest E. Edmunds. 

J^ections ^* 

Thus did they write and look — a worthy tribe, of indomitable 
courage. I would that I were able to reproduce for my readers more 
of the writings which have been unearthed, for this tribe left much 
of history behind. According to the chronicles, much trouble came 
from the tribe which the historian calls Juniors. The strife waged 
between this tribe and the fifty at times threatened the peace of the 
land. Not in many years had there been such hostility on the part 
of these tribes. 

But tho they had trouble with those round about them, within 
themselves they were a unit. Theirs did indeed seem to be a prosper- 
ous period, if some of their writings are to be credited. 

When they departed from the land of their supremacy, lo, tho they 
had had fond hopes of power in the petty kingdoms to which they 
journeyed, yet it was with regret that they thought of leaving this 
hospitable place. Many delightful associations and memories of good 
times drew from the heart of each member of that fifty a love for 
the scenes of those associations. 

But as each preceding tribe, after a short period of leadership, had 
packed their trunks, dispersed and sunk away to but a memory, so 
the Seniors of 1904 departed leaving behind them memorials befitting 
their exploits and prowess. 

Class Yells 

Bow wow. Bow wow. 

Hear us roar. 

Cracker- j acker, Cracker- j acker 


Hullabaloo ! — Hurrah ! Hurrah ! 
Hullabaloo ! — Hurrah ! Hurrah ! 
Who yah! Who yah! 
Naught Four! 
Rah! Rah! 

Class Color 




Senior Class Night 


by Alfred Lord Tennyson. 


Robin Hood, Earl of Huntingdon ------ Ernest Edmunds 

King Richard, Coeur de Lion ------ George B. Kendall 

Prince John ------------- Perry H. Hiles 

Little John ^ i Burley C. Johnston 

Will Scarlet [- Followers of Robin Hood - -< Edward Criss 
Friar Tuck ) ( Harry Burgess 

Much --------------- Ely V. Laughlin 

A Justiciary ------------- Abe ]\L Newton 

Sheriff of Nottingham --------- C. Roy Boslough 

Abbot of St. Mary's ---------- WilHam Eaton 

Sir Richard Lea -----------J. Roscoe Steagall 

Walter Lea, son of Sir Richard ------- I. B. McMurtry 

Kate, attendant on Marian, ------- M. Elizabeth Page 

Old Woman ------------- Josephine Perry 

Maid Marian, daughter of Sir Richard Lea - - - - Helen Tuthill 

Retainers, Messengers, Merry Men, Mercenaries, Friars, Peasants, etc. 


The play is divided into four acts. Act first tells of the bond given 
by Sir Richard Lea who has borrowed money to pay for the search 
for his son, who, he thinks is fighting in King Richard's cause. The 
counterbond is held by the Abbot of St. Mary's, a hard-hearted creditor. 
Sir Richard has not sufficient means to discharge his debt, and in 
consequence, must lose his estate or — there is one way — his daughter. 
Maid Marian, must marry the Abbot's brother, the Sheriff of Notting- 
ham, who promises, in that case, to pay the debt. Maid Marian, 
loyal and tender to her father, hates the sheriff as much as she loves 
Robin Hood, and refuses to marry anyone until King Richard, her 
godfather, returns to give her in marriage. 

The second act relates the outlawry of Robin Hood, and his set- 
tlement with his men in Sherwood Forest. 

In act three an announcement is given of the flight of Maid Marian 
with her father and her woman Kate, to avoid the advances of Prince 
John, King Richard's brother. Maid Marian arrives at Sherwood 
Forest in disguise. 

Act four, the conclusion, in which all ends happily, depicts much 
of the life in the forest, tells of the arrival of King Richard, of his ap- 
proval of Maid Marian's choice of the outlaw, of the arrival of Walter 
Lea, her brother, and of the pavment of Sir Richard's debt by Robin 

JPeclions 39 


President -------------- Ira D. Wetzel 

Vice-President- ------------- Fred Telford 

Secretary --------------- Lillian Dole 

Treasurer --------------- Harry Paine 

This copy of the Index would be incomplete were the Juniors not 
given a chance to express themselves. 

It has been well said that the United States is bounded on the 
north by the Aurora Borealis, on the east by the Rising Sun, on the 
south by the Antarctic Pole and on the west by the Day of Judgment ; 
that among all the states and territories, Illinois heads the list; that 
the most important institution within this state is the school, and 
the school which stands highest in all respects is the Illinois State 
Normal University; that within this institution are several sections, 
but there is not one which can compare with the Junior Class in pos- 
sessing the greatest orator, the deepest thinkers, the best basket-ball 
players, the fastest runners, and, in fact, every good characteristic 
which could possibly belong to a class. 

Since this is true, to write an editorial which shall be fitting in all 
respects to the Juniors is no small task, for this class has among its 
members Platos, Aristotles, Solomons and the like. 

Of course it is understood at the beginning that we are not egotistical, 
nor are we boastful, but we do wish our readers to understand that 
we are the Juniors of 1904. Other classes may claim honor and glory, 
and their members maybe strong and powerful, but to know the class 
and associate with its members is to agree that we, the Juniors, the 
class of '05, are without a peer in the history of this institution. 



At present we are about ninety strong, not many, you will admit. 
Other classes have outnumbered us, but in this class it is quality, not 
quantity, that counts. 

It has already been intimated that we have many excellent char- 
acteristics — intelligence, beauty, ambition and burning the midnight 
oil, predominating. Now, why are we working so hard, do you ask? 
The answer is simple and easily comprehended. Our class is com- 
posed of those persons whose large hearts and pure ideals have caused 
them to seek that profession which will enable them to let their lights 
so shine that the world at large, with which they will soon come in 
contact, will be impressed with those ideals. 

In order to bring all this about, it was necessary that we come to 
a logical conclusion; namely, attend the Illinois State Normal Univer- 
sity and be a member of the class of 1905. 

Junior Yells 

Hicta! Millica! Ollica Ive! 

Boom a-laca! Bow-wow! 1905. 
Ollica illica socta res! 
Hibble dibble! hobble gobble! 
Irragilla es! 

Junior Colors 

Yale Blue and White. 

Class Night Doings 

of the 

Naughty Fives 

The Junior Class entertained its friends and fellow-students this 
year by pantomining one of J. G. Saxe's poems, " Ho-Ho of The Golden 
Belt. " This poem tells about a little Japanese maiden, Minnie, who 
was very popular and, "as you may suppose, she had plenty of beatix. " 

They all seemed to worry instead of please her, and she rejected 
all of them. Finally, one day a second cousin of the Emperor's, four 
hundred times removed, Ho-Ho by name, came into her life and married 

Ho-Ho was a designing creature and married Minnie in order that 
he might obtain a certain sum of money, which was given to him every 
time he was married. Strange as it may seem, he had already been 
married six times, but his former wives had all been accommodating 
enough to die. Ho-Ho and Minnie were married but a short time 
when he began to think of some method by which he could rid himself 
of her. He tried a cup of poisoned tea, but she refused to drink it 
because she thought it too strong. He then resorted to another plan 
which succeeded. He had a large dog which he directed his servant 
to put into a chest and then gave the key to Minnie, telling her not to 
open the chest. It has been said that a curiosity is a woman with 
no curiosity, and, as Minnie was no exception, she opened the chest. 
The grand finale showed the large dog gnawing her bones, and strewed 
over the stage were remnants of her apparel. 

The poem was divided into eight acts, or tableaux we might better 
call them. 

The first was, "Minnie's Toilet." 

The second, "The Rejected Lovers." 

The third, "Ho-Ho and His Servant." 

The fourth, "The Gossips Over the Tea." 

The fifth, "The Four Gifts." 

The sixth, "The Poisoned Cup of Tea." 

The seventh, "The Blue Beard Scene." 

The eighth, "The Dreadful Ending." 

The poem was read by Miss Emelia Hertlein. 

During all the tableaux The Chinese Serenade was played by Miss 
Anna Altevogt. 

The part of Minnie was taken by Miss Gertrude Rohm. Her three 
maids were Misses Rose Meyer, Mary Rickart, and Gertrude Gaffner. 

The rejected lovers were Messrs. Perry Hellyer, Herbert Coons, 
Ira Wetzel, Harry Paine, Walter Paxson, Fred Ullrich, and Robert 

Mr. Paul Smith was Ho-Ho and his servant was Mr. Wright Jackson. 

The gossips over the tea were Misses Enola Bowman, Bertha Olsen, 
Cleo Burtis, Ruby Allen, Althea Burtis, Mabelle Karr, Margaret 
Gregory, Florence Hayes, and Mable Stark. 

*2 Indejc 

Some Random Shots Which 
the Authors Kne^v Not Of 

Fred Telford — 

"A Briton even in love should be 
A subject, not a slave." — Wordsworth. 
Mary Rickart — 

"And all's that best of dark and bright 
Meet in her aspect and her eyes!" — Byron. 
Rose Meyer — 

"Thro light and shadow thou dost range, 
Sudden glances, sweet and strange." — Tennyson. 
Harry Paine — 

"His eyes are in his mind." — Coleridge. 
Bertha Olsen — 

"What she wills to do or say seems wisest, 
Virtuest, discretest, best." — Milton. 
Sophia Duerkop— :- 

"I mourn to thee and say, 'Ah! loveliest friend, 
That this, the meed of all my toils might be. 
To have a home, a German home, and thee.' " 
Katherine Twohey — 

"A form more fair, a face more sweet, 
Ne'er hath it been my lot to meet." — Whittier. 
Emelia Hertlein — 

"Humility, that low sweet root 
From which all heavenly virtues shoot." — Moore. 
Albert Santee — 

"And the married man sighed with a secret pain, 
'Ah, that I were free again.'" — Whittier. 
Perry Hellyer — 

"What's in a name?" — Shakespeare. 
Edna Coith — 

"Be pleased that nature made thee fit 
To feed my heart's devotion." — Wordsworth. 
Robert Price — 

"I believe they talked of me, for they laughed consumedly." 
Herbert Coons — — Farquhar. 

"Cheerily, then, my little man, 
Live and laugh, as boyhood can." — Whittier. 
Martha Thomason — 

"What! quoth she then, what is 't that ails thee now? 
It seems to me I sing as well as thou." — Wordsworth. 

.yectiotij 4-3 


(From two standpoints.) 

Early in the school year of 1903 and '04, the Sophomore class met 
in room 24 and organized, electing the following officers: 

President ------------- Leonard McKean 

Vice-President ------------- Henry Stice 

Secretary -----'--------- Elizabeth Perry 

Treasurer --------------- Edna Nevins 

Various committees were appointed and strong class spirit was 
shown. One of the first things done was the choosing of class colors. 

For these a number of combinations were proposed, but when a 
vote was cast for choice, the result was a tie. As each succeeding vote 
gave the same result the president was called upon to decide, and the 
purple and white were chosen. 

Of course any class that is alive must wear caps so the Sophomores 
proceeded to get white caps and the young ladies of the class, with 
others, worked '96 on them in purple. 

This was the last link in the colors of Old Glory and after that red, 
white, and blue could be seen dodging around the main building or the 
gymnasium at nearly any hour of the day, placed very daintily upon the 
head of some pedagog — "to be." 

As is the custom, the Sophomores united in pledges of good faith 
with the Seniors, and during the Senior-Junior basket-ball game the 
voices of Sophs could be heard in Senior yells with a vigor that helped 
the boys make the score 20 to 10, a glorious Senior victory. 

The Sophomores were very energetic, and all thru the year had a 
greater — "Will" than any class of school, altho we were alwaj's "Short" 
of "Rice" we never lacked our 'Eaton.' 

The committee to compose class yells did excellent work and its 
report was was heartily received. Among others the following yells 
were adopted by the class: 

"Who are we? 
Watch our tricks. 
We're the class 
Of nineteen-six." 

4-4- Index 

"Who are we, who are we? 
We are, we are, we are the 

Of the class of 1906." 

The class is in the best of spirits and is patiently waiting until next 
year when it will be pitted in a yet hotter strife against those who are 
now Juniors but who are over anxious to don the majesty of the Seniors. 

"We, the Sophomores," are something like William Hawley Smith's 
"We, the People" — we have all kinds and all degrees of characteristics. 
But it is still safe to say that we are all right. I think that, on the 
whole, we are like the modest violet — we do not brazenly flaunt our- 
selves, but nestle away from the light of the world. Those who wish 
to find us must seek for us, and if they do discover us, they see that 
it pays. 

There is an old Arabic adage which is very applicable to the four 
stages thru which we go in our sophomore year. The adage is, "He 
that knows not, and knows not that he knows not, he is a fool, pity 
him. He that knows not, and knows that he knows not, he is strug- 
gling, help him. He who knows and knows not that he knows — he 
is asleep, wake him. He that knows, and knows that he knows — he 
is wise, follow him." 

We passed over very swiftly the first three stages, and were, for 
most of the year, "wise. " As can be seen, there is little left for other 
classes to experience — unless it be a relapse into second childhood. 

We occupy a most important place in this school. Without us 
it would be impossible to run the school. With us, it is a grand success. 
^ We have not flaunted ourselves this year, on account of our respect 
lor age. You probably have heard before that age ought always to 
come before beauty, and so we have taken a back seat this year. That 
is not saying, however, that we haven't great, grand, and glorious 
talents amongst us. 

In Scotland it is customary to place blocks behind the wheels of 
wagons to keep them from rolling back down the hill. It is the same 
in school. The faculty are the horses, the senior and junior class are 
the wagons and the sophomore class corresponds to the men who place 
the blocks in the way. In fact, we have been keeping the seniors and 
the juniors from rolling back, and the result has shown that we have 
done our work well. 



Gir/sl?elfarina C/i/A^ 



Wrightonia and 

"Which is the better society, the Philadelphia!! or Wrightonian?" 
Almost every one who reads this has an answer already framed — 
one which he will find difficult to change. For the sake of variety, 
perhaps the question should be, "Which society is doing, has been 
doing, or will do the better work?" This is not so easily or positively 

The work of the Philadelphian and Wrightonian societies is becom- 
ing harder and harder. Time was, and not long ago, when the societies 
were the "main thing" in the school, their interests came before all 
others. Now it is different. The other comparatively new organ- 
izations of the school absorb the energies of many who otherwise would 
be doing work with the societies. In spite of this, however, the societies 
have flourished this year. During the fall and winter terms, previous 
to the contest, the attendance and interest manifested in each society 
was all that could be desired. Each society tried to outdo the other 
in the way of yells and loyalty to their respective contestants. 

The officers of the societies realized that after the contest it would 
be difficult to keep the attendance up to the standard, as well as the 
programs, for other things would claim the interests of so many of 
(the students. At the beginning of the winter term it became a law 
of the school that each raember should give one creditable number 
each term with some literary organization of the school. This law 
has aided the program committees and their untiring efforts have been 
crowned with success in great measure. The programs which have 
been rendered have been good. Many of the light numbers which 
previously occupied the prominent places on the program have given 
way to debates, papers, essays, etc. 

At the end of the fall and winter terms the Philadelphians and 
Wrightonians gave union programs. This term the Wrightonians 
have prepared a farce, "Lend me Five Shillings," and the Philadel- 
phians will give a musical entertainment, "An evening with Verdi." 



Some of the members of the faculty have helped a great deal in 
the society work, and many of them have attended quite regularly. 

Yes, Philadelphia and Wrightonia are still flourishing, and this 
year's work will add a page to their history which dates from 1857 
and '58, a page of which they will be proud. The Class of 1904 will 
leave school with recollections of many happy and profitable hours 
spent with the societies and wishes them all success in their work here- 

Philadelphian OfHcers 


Helen Tuthill, ------------- President 

Edna Coith, ------------- Vice-President 

Sophia Duerkop, ------.-_-_. Secretary 

Mary Opperman, ---------- Assistant Secretary 

J. Val. Wiekert, -----.---... Treasurer 

Emelia Hertlein, ---------- Assistant Treasurer 

winter term. 
Edna Coith, ------------- President 

Harry Paine, ------------ Vice-President 

Anna Altevogt, ------------- Secretary 

Rose Meyer, ------------ Assistant Secretary 

Perry Hellyer, -------------- Treasurer 

Mary Rickart, ----------- Assistant Treasurer 

spring term. 

Harry Paine, ------- President 

Bertha Duerkop, ---------_- Vice-President 

Rose Meyer, ------------- - Secretary 

Emelia Hertlein, ---- Assistant Secretary 

Leonard McKean, ----_.. Treasurer 

Kathryn Twohey, - - Assistant Treasurer 

^a Indejc 

Wrightonian Officers 


J. RoscoE Steagall, ------------- President 

Maud Lantz, ------------- Vice-President 

Ethel Dole, --------- Secretary 

Harry Burgess, ----------- Assistant Secretary 

George Kendall, -----^ ------- Treasurer 

Roy Boslough, ----------- Assistant Treasurer 

WINTER term 

Burley C. Johnston, ------------ President 

Ethel Dole, --------.,_-- Vice-President 

Daisy Skinner, ------- - Secretary 

Dora Mau ---- --------- Assistant Secretary 

Roy Boslough, - -.-___. Treasurer 

Henry Stice, ------ -_-_- Assistant Treasurer 


I. B. McMuRTRY, ------ - President 

Bertha Olsen, ------------- Vice-President 

Lena Dimmitt, -------------- Secretary 

Helen Wilson, ----------- Assistant Secretary- 

Harry Burgess, --- _-_ Treasurer 

, Alfred Blackburn, --------- Assistant Treasurer 




■'** fw 

.yocieties 51 

Girls' Debating Club 

The Girls' Debating Club of the I. S. N. U., was organized in the 
Winter term of 1902-03, with a membership of fourteen. Each term 
the number of members has grown, and this term, altho there are only 
thirty, they are all active and energetic members. 

The purpose of the club is to give the girls skill in handling momen- 
tous questions for debate, and to enable them to understand and apply 
rules of parliamentary practice. 

Not only this, but the club gives experience in standing before an 
audience, so that when we are teaching and are asked to appear before 
the public, we shall be prepared to perform our duty without feeling 

Every other Friday is given to a literary program, consisting of 
recitations, orations, essays, musical numbers, and our famous debates. 
On alternate Fridays the club resolves itself into a Model House of 
Representatives. These meetings are always interesting and exciting. 
Business is carried on as in the House of Representatives at Washing- 
ton. Bills are presented and the discussions furnish amusement as 
well as instruction. 

The girls all feel that they are almost capable of carrying on the 
work of the United States as well as our representatives, should they 
be called upon to do so. Doubtless when the fame of this club spreads 
farther, some of our illustrious members will receive their reward for 
faithful service. 

The members are capable not only of carrying on parliamentary 
practice, but they are noted for their skill in entertainment. Along 
with the work, receptions are given. Cicero is a dear friend of the 
club, and receptions are given by each, to the other. This year there 
was a slight misunderstanding concerning the invitations, but thru the 
persuasive powers of some of the debating girls and the wise judgment 
of a few of Cicero's worthy members, an agreement was made and now 
the two societies go hand- in-hand. 

We feel certain that the club is a great benefit to the girls, and we 
hope that in the future it will continue to increase in numbers, and 
the girls receive as much benefit from it as have the members in the 

52 Indejc 

Officers of the Girls' Debating Club 


Pearl Dobson, -------------- President 

Margery Ludwig, ------------ Vice-President 

Mary Rickart, -------------- Secretary 

Lillian Dole, ---------- Speaker of Model House 

Florence Howell, --.- Clerk of Model House 

Merle Edwards, ------------ Doorkeeper 

winter term. 

Cora Harned, -------------- President 

Margery Ludwig, ----------- Vice-President 

Lotta Orendorff, ------------ Secretary 

Mary Slattery, ------------- Treasurer 

Norma Proctor, -------- Speaker of Model House 

Fannie Bright, ---------- Clerk of Model House 

Mary Rickart, ------------- Doorkeeper 

spring term. 

Lotta Orendorff, ------------- President 

Mary Rickart, ------------ Vice-President 

Esther Foster, ------- - Secretary 

Margery Ludwig, --------- Assistant Secretary 

Margaret Gregory, ------------ Treasurer 

Lydia Builta, --------- Speaker of Model House 

Nellie Knight, --------- Clerk of Model House 

Viola Deane, ------------- Doorkeeper 

Officers of the Sapphonian Society 


Grace Anderson, ------------- President 

Dora E. Mau, ------------ Vice-President 

Helen Delaney, ------------- Secretary 

Nora Blome, ---- --_. Treasurer 

^ winter. 

Dora E. Mau, -------------- President 

Cora Wasem, ------------- Vice-President 

Helena Story, --------- Secretary 

Nora Blome, - ------- Treasurer 


Lena Walworth, ------------- President 

Helen Seeley, ------------ Vice-President 

Anna Smith, ---- .--- Secretary 

Ella Kridner, -------- Treasurer 




N mentioning the Societies of the I. S. N. U., the Sap- 
phonian Society must not be forgotten. 

This society was organized in 1887, by the girls of the 
school, that they might become better acquainted with each 
other thru its meetings. Ever since that time there has 
been a Sapphonian Society, altho at times it seemed that the girls 
had lost their interest in it. 

On alternate Friday evenings the meetings of the Society are held 
in Miss Colby's room at the University — room number 18. Literary 
programs are given at these meetings by each of the committees in 
turn. We have had some very good programs the past year. 

The Literature Committee, one of the working committees, meets 
with Miss Colby at her home, on alternate Friday evenings. The 
time is spent reading Lang, Leaf and Myer's translations of the Illiad. 
The programs given by this committee have consisted of readings 
from the Illiad, papers describing Greek homes and customs and also 
portraying the characters of some of the Greek heroes in the Trojan 

Every Wednesday evening, at Miss Mavity's home, the Music 
Committee holds its meetings. During the year they have made a 
study of German, Russian, Scandinavian, Polish, Hungarian and 
Italian composers and their music. The programs given by this com- 
mittee have been very interesting and have consisted of biographies 
of some of the most noted musicians of the countries about whose 
music they studied, and descriptions of some of the music. Among 
some of the composers which they presented to us were Mendelssohn, 
Wagner, Beethoven, Liszt, Schubert, Verdi, Grieg, Chopin and Pader- 
ewski. Music was also given, that was composed by some of these 
composers. Descriptions of Wagner's operas, Tannhauser, The Flying 
Dutchman, Lohengrin and The Nibelungen Ring and of Verdi's II 
Trovatore were given. 

The other Committee is the Out Door Committee, which meets 
with Miss Gowdy. The subject of their study, in the fall and winter 
terms, was the birds, the planets, and constellations. This spring 
they meet on the campus and study the birds and trees. In their 
programs they have read papers about the different plants and illus- 
trated their movements. Besides this, they have told us something 
about the birds. 

One social feature of the year was the Kitchen Party, given the 
next week after the Thanksgiving vacation. Each Sapphonian was 
permitted to invite a girl who was^not a member of the Society. A 
very enjoyable evening was spent. 



URING the past year, Cicero has been left largely to her 
own fate, and that fate came near being a very serious 
one. Just a word concerning the society. 

We, as teachers, all know the value of being able to 
stand before an audience and express our own thoughts 
in our own words. How often the demands for such occasions are 
going to stare us in the face! Just as often must we say we cannot 
come up to the requiremenlfs ? Not necessarily su. Or, if we must 
say it, there is only one more possible thing for us to say, and that is 
simply this — it is all my own fault. Had I availed myself of the op- 
portunity, this would now be quite different. 

After leaving our Alma Mater, we are looked upon as educators, 
instructors, and leaders. 

Now, since we know this to be a fact, should we not consider it 
very binding, on our part, that we are well able to stand up and meet 
the expectations of our associates? It certainly is. 

If we expect to gain and hold the confidence of the community, and 
not only confidence but respect, it certainly rests largely upon our 
ability to adapt ourselves to the situations, let them be as they may. 

How many of our graduates go out each year thinking they are 
well prepared for anything that may present itself, but who, if called 
upon to act as chairman at a meeting for the nomination of candi- 
dates for school boards, would not know the first single thing that 
should be done! Does not that lower your standard in that com- 
munity? It cannot help but do so. It may be the desire of your 
high-school pupils to organize a Literary Society. Are you not the 
first one looked to for information as to the starting of this good work? 
Certainly you are; Then the next great question comes from yourself 
to yourself: It is this — can I do it? 

The man who proves beyond a shade of doubt that he is thoroly 
competent of the place which he holds is sure to win the admiration 
and confidence of his pupils, and success is going to be his own. 

Cicero, after a short swoon, is now reviving. Everyone lend 
a helping hand and bring her back to her former standing. There 
is abundance of material, and the opportunity is grand. 

Several interesting events have occurred in connection with Cicero 
during the past year. 

During the Fall term, after much misunderstanding between the 
Ciceronian Society and the Girls' Debating Club, with the lamentations 
and regret from one side and the wailing and gnashing of teeth from 
the other, Cicero finally succeeded in giving the members of the Girls* 
Debating Club a reception, held in the Gymnasium hall. And the 
way the Ciceronians singled out members of the Debating Club was 




Societies 37 

certainly something very interesting. Would only time and space 
permit, some few of these cases might be here related. But the writer 
will make mention of only one. Shortly after arriving at the scene 
of merrymaking, one Ciceronian, who was seen to come stalking in all 
alone, was told of a member of the club who had no escort. 

This one, R. E. B., upon hearing this made a dash out at the door 
and was followed only by the tremendous whack!! whack!!! of his 
heels as he sped away in darkness, and never drew halt until he landed 
broadside against the door, causing a family panic within. However, 
Miss L. was not long in preparing for the journey and both were soon 
enjoying the many pleasures prepared for us all. The chief entertain- 
ments of the evening were bowling, ping-pong, and flinch. Refresh- 
ments were served and at the pleasant hour of ten the happy throng 
took their departure, wishing that such occasions were more common 
in our school-lives. 

About the close of the Fall term, during an election of officers 
for the Winter term, a most noted error was made in a single ballot, 
which, after much discussion, brought about one of the most noted 
lawsuits ever known in the life of the Ciceronian Society. On this 
one ballot hinged the presidency of Cicero, consequently her life was 
at stake. After the case was brought into court, the complainant 
appeared with his two attorneys, the defendant with his attorneys, and 
many, many spectators. At eight P. M. the great case was set in 
progress by the examining of the witnesses by the Honorable Fred 
Telford who, by his logical questioning, so beaddled the witness that 
it was necessary for him to stop, as the witness came to the place where 
he could only say "I don't know." Then came forth the embryo 
philosopher. Dr. P. H. Hiles, who, by his philosophical questioning 
and unseparable series of questions, so confused the poor witness that 
he turned immediately to the judge, and remarked: "Your, Honor, 
the gentleman badly injures my train of thought. " How could those 
persimmon smiles help but break into a violent outburst of laughter? 
However, the witness was protected. But again, time and space will 
not admit of details. 

One of the very best numbers given within the walls of Cicero was 
given during the Winter term, by Mr. E. V. Laughlin. It certainly 
deserved very high praise. 

The officers in Cicero for the year were as follows: 


BuRLEY Johnston, . . President 

E. V Laughlin, - - - Vice-President 

Harvey Freeland, -... Secretary 

Harry Burgess, - -_...._ Treasurer 

WINTER term. 
Harry Burgess, -------------- President 

J. V. Wiekert, ------------ Vice-President 

Arthur E. Robinson, ------------ Seceretary 

Leonard McKean, ---..--- Treasurer 

spring term. 

Isaac Wilson, .-.- ._.._ President 

Raymond E. Black, ---------- Vice-President 

Loren O. Culp, -- Secretary 

J. V. Wiekert, -- Treasurer 




at General Exercises, Feb. 11 

Dr. Telford will administer a few constitutional amendments to 
the Philadelphian society next Saturday night. Every one come and 
see the feat performed. 

Philadelphian Hall, Feb. 13, 1904. 
To THE Scientific World: — 

The patient seemed disposed to take the medicine well but objected 
to so large a dose. The Paine was manageable but was hard to locate, 
as he soon seemed to be up in the air. By resolving into a committee 
of the whole the Paine was removed and business progressed rapidly, 
taking small doses at a time. With the adjournment of the committee, 
the Paine came back and we had to treat the patient to repeated doses 
of points of order before we got control. Our assistant, the treasurer, 
being absent, we were compelled to examine each part separately 
to see if the doses had taken effect. The effect was favorable and 
our work was over. Dr. Fred Telford. 



The Ouarterlt 
The Da/ly 



Zhc V)i6ette. 

The Vidette — be sure to say Vl-dette, not Vi-dette — of this year 
has been a decided improvement over that of the past few years. That 
it is not better, is due to the fact that each student is not a subscriber 
and a contributor. That every student should be a subscriber is 
evident. That every student should be a contributor, tho not so evident _ 
is just as true. If each student would contribute several local, alumni, 
or humorous items, jingles, a story or an essay during the year, the 
interest in the school paper would be increased, and also the subscrip- 

During the year many good articles have appeared. After alter- 
nately smiling and shivering over the reminiscences of the Pedagogical 
Rough Rider, after smiling at the homesick freshman at Swarthmore, 
and after learning that "the danger, seemingly most potent to mein 
official life, is the gradual encroachment of executive authority on 
legislative," we hope that next year's issue will also contain reminis- 
cences or recollections. The stories by "Aunt Elsie" and Zulu Mandt 
(just change the letters of the last name about and you will find the 
name of a prominent senior), were as timely as interesting. The 
alumni items were numerous and were one of the interesting features, 
especially to graduates and former students. 

An effort was made this year to change the cover. Is such a change 
desirable? Either the cover should change monthly, as do magazine 
covers, or else the cover should be as permanent as the school colors 
or the school pin. But whatever the new editors do about the cover, 
one thing will be demanded of them, that the standard reached by 
the present editors shall not only be kept, but improved upon. 


Section A. — Gertrude Swain, Nelle Rice, OUve Hunting, Abe 
Newton, Burley Johnston. 

Section C— Kathryn Twohey, P. H. Hellyer, Fred Telford, Sophia 

Lower Sections. — Isaac "Wilson, Arthur Robinson, Ruby Jones. 

Entering Sections. — Bertha Weeks, Charles Phillips, Herbert Coons. 

p. H. HILES 







INDEX '04 

1*ublicalions 63 

We Make Our 

ES sir, this is, on my word of honor, our last boast, toast, 
or roast. We have had enough of it and are beginning to 
commence to cease. The editor and the assistant business 
hustler each had dreams the other night, and, fitting 
this and that together, they came to some well-grounded 
conclusions as to Index matters. 

First. — The library cat has too little to do. We think that Carter 
should start a micery in the Gymnasium and train the cat in the arts 
of the chase. 

Second. — The wreck of the train bearing the Nonbitium — How- 
liloudium to the circus engagement at Normal was a fake, if the animal 
wasn't. Furthermore, we are glad the animal was not all an illusion, 
in view of the expectations cherished by Mr. Manchester. 

Third. — Noah was ashamed of his grandfather. Now, this is 
easily proven, even to the most skeptical. Had he not been ashamed 
of the poor old man, he would certainly have taken him out on his 
yacht and not allowed the worthy ancestor's spirit to be so dampened. 

Fourth. — The moon is made of green cheese — a fact self-evident 
and needing no elaboration. 

Under stress of these conclusions, arising from the night workings 
of those two fertile minds, the staff has decided that Index work 
is certainly trying on the nicronamic functions of the consciousness. 

We are grateful to the staff of contributors, whose names we give 
on the following page. We believe that we have as good a collection 
of articles as could be made, and we pride ourselves on our choice of 

If any are real sorry because of the way in which we have hacked 
and slashed the proverbial Index, and are not satisfied with the product, 
why — well, it's too late to make any changes for their benefit, and we 
can only express our regret at their inability to appreciate our idea 
of the really artistic. 

The purposes of an Index are two — to draw for the outside world 
a picture in miniature of the surroundings of the student, and to furnish 
a lasting memento of school days, which will be a source of pleasure 
and serve to call up many happy remembrances of the year in which 
such varied associations and friendships have been formed. We trust 
that we have attained these ends in the interest which the volume 
holds for you — that of your shelf of books, the Index of 1904 may 
not be the volume which is of the least attraction. 



The Index Staff 

Ernest E. Edmunds, _.---_.- Chief Organizer 

"In casting about for new ideas, we decided 
to change the Index materially." 

BuRLEY C. Johnston, --------- Literary Condenser 

"It seems to me that our pictures ought to be 
of value to you. " 

I. B. McMuRTRY, --- - Solicitor 

" If you want to see the student publications 
succeed, you must trade with our advertisers. 
Tell them you are from Normal. " 

Harry Burgess, _--. Book Agent 

"A good book means a good binding. " 


Fred Telford 
Edna Coith 
John P. Stewart 
Esther Foster 
Bertha Olsen 
Kathryn Twohey 
Leonard McKean 
Elizabeth Perry 
Manfred J. Holmes 
Olive Hunting 
David Felmley 
Helen Tuthill 
Georgia Allen, '03 
Maud Lantz 

Isaac Wilson 
Mary Rickart 
Dora Mau 
Bertha Duerkop 
Maude Wallace 
Henry Ritcher 
Gertrude Swain 
F. W. Westhoff 
Loren Culp 
Elizabeth Page 
Perry H. Hiles 
Mae McGuire 
Elizabeth Matheny 
Josephine Perry 



The Normal School 

HE Normal School Quarterly is published by the Illinois 
State Normal University under the direction of the Pres- 
ident of the school and a committee of the Faculty. To 
each person on the mailing list one copy is sent free. 
The regular edition is three thousand copies, tho this number 
has not proved sufficient in every case to meet the demand. 

The chief purpose of the Quarterly is to offer an additional means 
for the school as a whole and the teachers individually to reach out 
to the larger field of work in the state, and especially to continue the 
helpful relation between the school and our alumni and undergraduates. 
The extent to which the Quarterly is fulfilling its purpose cannot be 
determined exactly, but the personal expressions of its value and 
helpfulness, and the demands for class use in case of several numbers 
would seem to indicate that such publication is good policy and good 

It should be added that all the articles published in the Quarterly 
arise from and represent the actual work and thought of the teachers 
who furnish them; therefore, this enterprise is not in addition to, but 
is incidental to, the function and scope of the Normal School. 

The articles thus far issued are as follows (the catalogue is no longer 
issued as a number of the Quarterly) : 

Faulty Articulation and Exercises for its Correction, by Amelia 
F. Lucas. 

Agriculture and Horticulture in the Rural Schools, by Pres. David 

The Tariff Question in American History (double number), by 
O. L. Manchester. 

Shakspere in the High School, by J. Rose Colby. 

The Formation and Care of School Libraries, by Ange V. Milner. 

Suggestions on the Teaching of History in the Grades, by Henry 

Manual Training in the Schools, by William T. Bawden. 

The School Excursion and the School Museum as Aids in the Teaching 
of Geography, by D. C. Ridgley. 

7ol. VT. 

"April' Ig 



GRAMD COLOITIAI. BAIi. them howeTor Ci»r th^ gra llaTsletb 

Chlflf Social bits 6hft. Since the le9.ves and 

^nQtlOB of the Tear. old 'branches ha-ro 'been rake4 out sf 

— 0-- it its appearance haa inpro-sved a" 

- The Gymnastic oJaaaes under Miss Cum- t)Out 100^ and i gt a. veri.tatile cob,' .3 
minga gave a very handsome costume hall irv the midst of 4>& Sc^hara . 
in the gyanasluai ^st Saturdayaf tsrnoon — — 

tliat was the chief social event of the 

aeaaon. The wheels of the society iis TSaWIS COyRf KEVS. 

world all over the country wsyallyetart 

on Baster when Atlantic City shines £R£i rinding out who gets, this and that 
forth with its famous Board ¥alk proma- of the tennis courts Is laicl^ like 
nade but owing to the pressure ofoohool getting election returns on the 
the notable event was postponedone week morning of KoTcmber 5 every : our ,ya 

and It is on this account doubtless t)iatyear8 . 

we did not learn of the party sooner . Since the last issye of THE KOTSj 

The costtunes were many and variedand the following reassignments' of ' 
represented the nations which were and courts have been made. Miss Perry 
are the wc^ld powefta , with the exceptiongets the stone court in place of 
of the Bear whoxs seeuis to have bean && Uiss Dole, Who talces the onejaor^.h 
sjtigkkaixifflcgjra slighted. of the Capital court. Ifr.Ifewton 

Mi SB Johnson and Miss Davis won a box takes the 'Evergreerk in place of 
of candy as the best ap^iearing couple, Miss Rice. 

representing Gen. and Mrs. Washington, Court Ho. 2 S. W. of the Gymnasiu 

Miss Gardner and Miss Guttery were a has been allofbed to Mr.Pajme. 
close second as the 'Staperor amd 'Smprftss Three courts are yet to be hBtZgnat 
of China; the dowager was not vepresan- and all are being held open on ac- 
ted. A picture was awarded them for count of one party who had a court 
their afforst and Mies Mar&land and £fi last year ajid according to the rule^ 
MlsB Hayes captured the booby prize 
aa the Mikado and 'Stress of Japan . 

Gainss and other pastimes formed a S 
fitting close to this fiost pleasing 
afternoonand every one departed vot- 
ing the occasion a decided success . 

Mis Crusius won the prize for rolii 
Ing the highest score with her loft fiS 

hand. We have been unable to secure the yesterday noon and elected the fol- 
figures but they were doubtless quite lowing spealcers . liles Bice, Nr tStV' 
high. ton and.lUss Kunt;itig . The aelcc- 

Now you can "Join us all" in singing tion of the speakers was based 

of Prof . yelmley may have first tSU 
choice this year . She has not yat 
appeared to make the selection. 

Sleet Ion Senior Speakers. 

The senior o3as3 held a meetlnj; 

"After the Ball was 0--ver ." 

mm -sDccuRsioNa. 

The physics and chemistry clasBee will 
soon start on their annual observation 
tours of the electric light stationa £ 
telephone exchanges, brewery and other 

on something like the race whicii ai 

plrants for the Cecil Bhodes aehol 

arships endulge in once each year . 

— 0— 


The BOhpomorea have recently re- 

establishments where practical research celved their new caps and through 

In scientific linea may be carried o 
to the best advantage. • This"field' 

some mistake the figurea '06 were 
not put on the haberdaahet^ out- 

work is of great benefit 6ft the student fit so the young laddy members 

as it enables him to see the kbkIc m»th- 
oSa which he studies in the class room 
applied to problems in modern life and 
the results which the large business 
firm seoures . The excursions will 

be awaited by all with great expecta-- 
^cns . 


The frog pond has recently underwent a 
scouring such as the "Challenger" gave 
the waters of the globe several years 
ago and with results that are Just as 
beneficial . This bit of water ia the 
pride of Jtr .Nehrling'a heart and it la 
hiia ambition to transform it into a lily 
pond at Bozpe time in the near future . 

So far its vasty deep have yielded up 
a large number of marine and submarine 

plants and animals a bunch of which re- 
pose peacefully in the sanctum of prof. 
Stewart and will be gladly shown to any 
on^j^oiyy,eqn«fi|f <ir« Don't get too near 

the olasa have siagnanlmously agreed 
to come to the rescue and aer thai 
on. The boys are duly elated. 

Organ izaiio n j- 



Lecture Association 
Girls* Glee Club 
Mixed Chorus 

Oratorial Association 
Y. M. C. A. 
Y. W. C. A. 
Teachers* Associations 




The Lecture Association 

and the Course of 

THE lecture course of 1903-04 consisted of eight numbers 
as follows: William Hawley Smith, in his lecture, "We, 
The People," October 2; Ladies' Orchestra (Matinee), 
October 19 ; Lotus Glee Club, November 5 ; Miss Church, 
reader, November 23; Frank Roberson, in his illustrated 
lecture, " Imperial India," January 5; Dr. Herbert L. 
Willett, in his lecture, "The Quest of the Holy Grail," 
January 28; Oratorical and Declamatory Contest, Feb- 
ruary 27 ; Chalk Talk by Ross Crane, April 4. 
Of these numbers the lectures by Herbert L. Willett and Frank 
Roberson, and the musical number by the Lotus Glee Club, were the 
best. The lecture given by Dr. Willett was one of rare merit and was 
highly appreciated. His subject was a most interesting one from begin- 
ning to end and was greatly enjoyed by all. 

Mr. Roberson's illustrated lecture was one of the treats of the season. 
His illustrations were remarkably fine and Mr. Roberson knows how 
to tell of his travels. 

Altho we were somewhat disappointed with the last number by 
Ross Crane, yet on the whole, our lecture course for the year was good. 
Financially our lecture course was not a success this year, this 
being partly due to the decrease in the number of our students. 

The lecture board for next year has not as yet been made up, but 
the present board has decided to make a change so that the people of 
the town may be represented on the board, and thus the board will be 

The plan which was recommended and adopted is that a new board 
of 13 members be elected consisting of three members of the faculty, 
four members from the student body, the pastors of the five churches 
of Normal, and the Supt. of Public Schools of Normal. The business 
of the board will be carried on by the members of the board selected 
from the faculty and student body. It is believed that by this arrange- 
ment the board will be able to select a course of lectures and entertain- 
ments which can be offered at a much lower rate than has been charged 
for our course. It is hoped that the price of season tickets may be 
reduced from $2.00 to $1.00, and that by having the people of the town 
represented on the Lecture Board more season tickets will be purchased 
by the town people, thus putting the lecture association on such a 
financial basis that the best talent may be employed. With this arrange- 
ment we feel that the success of the lecture course for next year is 







Our Orchestra 


An exact copy of a letter which he wrote to his home people. 

Normal, Illinoise, 
United States of Ameriky, 
Apr. I, 1904 
dear mamma and papa and all the rest: — 
Say, Pop, you wanter take good ker o' my little pigs while i'm off 
up here, if you do they should be wurth somethin' by next fall, i wanter 
have a little extra spondulix next year so's I kin buy a Clarenette and 
jine this Orkestra; yes, we've got an orkestra, we hain't had none fer 
a long time, i been told, but we've got one now; i knows we've got one, 
cause Fritz Westhoff he beats the time, asked us not to sing a day 
or so ago, so's we could listen hard for the Orkestra. i've beared it 
is goin to be Susie's band in the I. S. N. U. Circus. One o' our boys 
has an awful funny bell-shaped thing, his names Hiles, how he runs 
it i can't tell, i watches him, biit i can't see him move it round any, 
he just puts it to his mouthe, screws up his lips, bulgez out his cheeks, 
opens his eyes very wide and stares at it, and it toots, two, but these 
fellers can't fiddle a little bit, they have to have notes to go by, and 
even then they can't near keep up with ole uncle Jim when he plays 
the Irish Washer Woman or the Arkansas Traveler. But they will 
learn maybe by next year so's i wanter be ready to jine i dunno how 
to play yit but i thinks it'll be easy i believes there'll be a great many 
more in the Orkestra next year. Bob Hencoop says he's got a dozen 
turkeys and a yearling he kin sell so's he kin get a big bass fiddle, i'm 
goin to give the members of the orchestra, here they are: 

drum major, Freddie Westhoff 
Solow cornet. Perry Hiles 
first fiddle, Paul Smith 
second fiddle, Len McKean 
3rd fiddle. Bob Price 

that don't look big too me, but we're goin to be there next year, alrighty 
alright, jist you keep those pigs agrowin so's I kin buy that instroo- 
ment, i guarantees myself to play it. say, maw, could paw send any 
money soon, i'm bout out. Write soon to little 


P. S. i'm improveing fine at school, doncher think so? 



'T*HE Girls' Glee Club was organized during the first month of the 
■■• school year with the following membership: Misses Nellie 
Pollock, Martha Thomason, Louise Guttery, Alice Pollock, Emelia 
Hertlein and Helen Tuthill. Miss Anna Altevogt was chosen' ac- 
companist. Miss Maud Wallace joined the club on re-entering school 
immediately after the holiday season. 

With the beginning of the Spring term the club was enlarged by 
the addition of the following girls: Misses Daisy Skinner, Edith Moss- 
man, Maud Lantz, Belle Gardner, Elizabeth Matheny, Eunice Hoffman, 
Pearl Heidenreich and Nannie Campbell. 

Thruout the year, with but few exceptions, two rehearsals per week 
were held, one such meeting being held late in the afternoon, the 
other after the supper hour at the home of the musical director. 

The evening rehearsal was productive of the most good, not only in 
a musical way, but also socially. Then, too, at this meeting were dis- 
cussed, and fully solved, the various little problems which a girls' glee 
club meets with when preparing to appear before an audience. 

It is not recorded that the character of the recitations fell below 
the average because of this evening hour's devotion to song. 

The glee club participated quite freely in the musical functions in- 
cident to the life of the school, and their singing was at all times quite 
favorably received. 

The one event which the girls enjoyed, perhaps more than any 
other, and which will be long remembered by them, was a trip of four 
miles into the country. It was in December, and the mercury was 
hovering about the zero mark. The occasion was a concert to be 
,-given in a rural school in which Miss May Marshall was the teacher. 
At Miss Marshall's suggestion, the glee club agreed to furnish all the 
numbers for the evening's entertainment. By pressing into service a 
rising young Paganini, a (male) member of the school, and by utilizing 
some of the talent for "reading," of which several of the girls are so 
abundantly possessed, a well varied program could be carried out. 
That the audience enjoyed every number, was evidenced by the gener- 
ous applause which followed. 

The trip to the school was made in part by electric car, and in part 
by hack. It was by no means an unpleasant ride. The company rode 
home and voted the concert tour a successful one. 

The other important event for the glee club was a trip to DeKalb. 
They were favored with a place upon the Contest program, and ac- 
quitted themselves very creditably. 

Organizalions 73 

The ride to and from DeKalb was made a very enjoyable one for 
all, particularly so by the free and unrestrained flow of sweet melody. 
The inspiration for this seemed to come from the large audience, on 
our train, but not of our party. This audience seemed attentive, and 
appreciative; many remained for the last number of the glee club's 
extemporaneous program. (Ours was a fast train, and made few stops.) 

Very few tardy marks, or unexcused absence marks, are found 
opposite the names of the glee club's members. Regularity, and 
punctuality have been their watchwords. They have at all times 
worked harmoniously together, and have endeavored to cultivate that 
pleasant and happy disposition which will keep them always young. 

While they have many times made some small sacrifice to attend 
rehearsals, they have most surely enjoyed their year's work and re- 
ceived much musical benefit. 

Mention should be made of the excellent work of the accompanist. 
Miss Altevogt contributed much to whatever musical success the glee 
club attained. She was our pianist at general exercises, at chorus 
practice, and accompanist in many of the musical numbers given in 
the society halls. Of her talent and spare time Miss Altevogt gave 
freely and gladly to all musical enterprises of the school. 

The Mixed Chorus 

THIS chorus was organized with a view of giving students an oppor- 
tunity for more practice in singing than is afforded in the regular 
class work of the school. 

Many took advantage of the opportunity. The number belonging 
to the chorus varied with each term. A few were members of it thru- 
out the year. 

Two hours per week were devoted to a study of the higher grade 
of chorus music. Some of the selections used were from the Laurel 
Song Book; others consisted of glees and part-songs, in sheet form, by 
well known composers. While a finished performance of such pieces 
could not always be secured, it is believed, nevertheless, that a study 
of the same has enlarged the student's capacity to appreciate all that 
is noble and uplifting in the higher forms of musical composition. 

Besides participating in several musical programs, the chorus gave 
with the assistance of the glee club, the Cantata, "A Garden of Singing 
Flowers." The Cantata was given for the entertainment of the Osh- 
kosh delegation, who came to us May 26. 

The following took part in the Cantata: Misses Nellie Pollock, 
Belle Gardner, Martha Thomason, Daisy Skinner, Maud Wallace, Louise 
Guttery, Edith Mossman, Eunice Hoffman, Elizabeth Matheny, Lucy 
Belle Crooks, Maud Lantz, Nannie Campbell, Laura Patton, Miriam 
Rawlings, Cassie Rouse, Gertrude Damm, Helen Tuthill, Emelia Hert- 
lein, Pearl Heidenreich, Alice Pollock, Ruby Jones, Lotta Orendorff, 
Helen Dimmitt, Lydia Teske, Bernice Aby. Messrs. Ernest Edmunds, 
Burley Johnston, Leonard McKean, John P. Stewart, Robert Price, 
Walter Paxson, J. H. Diddle, Harvey Freeland, J. A. Wetzel, J. V. 
Wiekert, and Guv Buzzard. 



The Oratorical Association 



HE purpose of this association is to develop ability in 
writing orations and in public delivery of the same; also, 
to organize and conduct an annual contest in oratory and 
declamation in the I. S. N. U. Thru the organization we 
maintain membership in the Inter-State Oratorical League 
of State Normal Schools. 

The governing power of the Association is, as in previous years, 
vested in a Board of Control which consists of fifteen members. 

After some thinking and much discussion, the constitution has been 
revised and, with a carefully selected board, we predict great achiev- 
ments for the Association next year. 

Beginning this year the Edward's Prize, a gold medal, bearing the 
name and engraved picture of Dr. Edwards, will be presented to the 
winner in the Oratorical Contest. This kindness, which we appreciate 
very highly, is due to a friend of Dr. Edwards, who wishes in this way 
to commemorate his valuable service to the I. S. N. U. in the develop- 
ment of oratorical power. 

On Feb. 27, 1904, in Normal Hall, was held the Annual Oratorical 
and Declamatory Contest. The following program was presented: 


Piano Duet -------------------- 


Oration --------------- Abraham Lincoln 


Oration ------- Race Prejudice and the Negro Problem 


Oration ------- General Booth and the Salvation Army 


Piano Solo -------------------- 

Music ----------------- 

* girls' GLEE CLUB 

Declamation - - - Selection from Dickens's "Cricket on the Hearth" 


Declamation - - - Selection from Dickens's "Cricket on the Hearth" 


Vocal Solo -------------------- 

Music ---------------------- 

girls' GLEE CLUB 

Judges' Decision ------------------ 

First places were awarded to Miss Emelia Hertlein in declamation, 
and Mr. Burley Johnston in oration. 

Organizations 7S 

The Board of Control, Oratorical Association 

Maud Lantz, --------------- President 

Gertrude Swain, ----------- Vice-President 

Ernest Edmunds, -------------- Secretary 

Fred Telford, -------------- Treasurer 

Daisy Skinner Henry Stice 

Mildred Coburn Gertrude Gaffner 

Bessie Dillon Bertha Olsen 

Elizabeth Perry Essie Seed 

Henry Ritcher Edith Mossman 

Fred Ullrich 

Y. W. C. A. 

T may be of interest to our readers to know what the Young 
Women's Christian Association has done this year. Owing 
to the decreased attendance at the University, the mem- 
bership of the Association has been less than in former 
years. Yet there has been a large number of women, 
who, for some reason, have failed to affiliate themselves with the or- 
ganization. It is hoped that next year many will avail themselves 
of the help which the Association affords. "Not forsaking the assem- 
bling of ourselves together." 

The Y. M. C. a. has joined with us this year, twice a month, in 
union service. Some member of the faculty has usually been the 
leader of the union service, and we have enjoyed their leadership very 

During the Fall term was held the annual union social, which 
proved a very happy occasion. 

The most profitable and enjoyable social feature of the year was 
the three-day Bazaar, held in the art rooms during the second week 
in December. 

Wrightonian, Philadelphian and I. S. N. U. pennants and pillows 
were on sale, together with watch fobs, fancy collars and the delicious 
home-made candies, so dear to the taste of the college girl. A hand- 
some sum was realized. 

We were fortunate in having Misses Murl Edwards, Pearl Reeves 
and Dora Mau to represent the I. S. N. U. Association, at Galesburg, 
111., October twenty-second to twenty-fifth, at the State Convention. 

Miss Elizabeth Cole, State Secretary, visited us in March, and this 
visit was no less enjoyed than her former ones. She emphasized the 
Morning Watch and a number of the women are keeping it as a result 
of her visit. To those who have never tried it, we urge you to do so. 

As we look forward to the coming school year the Association is 
hoping to play a large part in the life of the school, and our parting 
word would be: Join the Association — it will help you, that you may 
help others. 



Y. M. C. A. 

^-^Iisr-^HE outlook for a successful year's work was anything but en- 

1 ^ couraging last fall. But few old members came back to school. 

TIT Mr. Green, the president, was not in school last year. He 

*^*^ had been elected in the summer term. Before the work was 

fairly started he accepted a school, and left us without a leader. After 

a new president was chosen it was found that the records had been 

lost, and the Y. M. C. A. was forced to effect a reorganization. 

Despite the discouraging outlook we feel tliat something has been 
accomplished. The meetings have been well attended and the members 
heartily respond. We are sure that we are stronger for having attended 
and only regret that more men do not avail themselves of this oppor- 
tunity for growth. The union meetings with the Y. W. C. A. have 
been a decided success. 

Immediately after the holidays a Bible study class of ten members 
was organized, with Mr. Ridgley as leader. Much of the success of 
the work is due to his services. The work has led to a deeper and 
truer knowledge of the Bible. The class will be continued next year, 
and we hope to have an increased membership. 

Shortly after the beginning of the Winter term the Y. W. C. A. 
and Y. M. C. A. were given a reception by Mr. and Mrs. Hov/e. A 
very enjoyable evening was spent with them, and we duly appreciate 
the kindness they showed us. As a rule, we feel that we do not make 
as much of the social life as is possible. 

W. W. Dillon, State Secretary, has been with us twice this year, 
and much encouragement has been received from him. Individual 
conferences between him and the committeemen have resulted in a 
fairly well planned campaign for next year's work. We expect to 
be represented at the Summer conference at Lake Geneva. A large 
percentage of the membership will return next fall, and the work will 
be pushed from the very outset. The outlook is encouraging. 

Withal, the Y. M. C. A. has done a work which, tho silent, will 
tell in the lives of its members in future days. We extend to you a 
hearty invitation to join us in the work for your own benefit and for 
the benefit of those whom vou influence. 

Teachers' Association 

F all the school organizations the Teachers' Association is 
the most peculiar. You have to pay no membership fee ; 
you are not introduced to the goat's back; neither are you 
called upon to pay special assessments every week or so. 
But just anyone cannot become a member. Indeed, very 
few wish to join the Association. If it were not for the reward received 
for three terms' faithful work in admitting rays of knowledge and 
good habits into fifteen or twenty darkened chambers of ignorance, 
the Association would speedily dwindle down until only the Crown Prin- 
cess of Criticisms, her Page, and her eight Train Bearers would be left. 
But the reward being what it is, every three months the Association 
takes in many new members. Those who desire to do active work 
fill out applications, stating their eligibility for membership and the 
lines of work they would prefer. But they are not near their dreaded 
goal yet. The application is passed around the Advisory Board, 
where it meets with various kinds of treatment. Harsh words and 
sentences — enough to mortally wound the spirit of the inexperienced 
one if she could only read them — are written down in close proximity 
to others of a more satisfactory nature. 

The result of all this scratching is that the applicant is assigned 
— generally, sometimes the Advisory Board objecting to so and so becom- 
ing a member — to one of the Train Bearers. Now this assignment 
means everything to the young teacher, because all the Train Bearers 
are not equally good looking, approachable, amiable, and exacting. 
That is why so many more applications are made out for work under 
certain ones of these. 

But, even after being accepted and assigned, the new member 
is on trial continually. The surest way of ending a term's work suc- 
cessfully is to do just as the Crown Princess of Criticisms and your 
Train Bearer advise. This means (i) that every day of the week, 
and two hours each day, you are to invent such "means" and "steps" of 
machinery as will open wide crevices in the chambers of ignorance. 
All these crevices should be opened from within so each machine you 

invent must have the step, "The child's thinking " After 

openings into the chambers are made, not only must the "on trial" 
member regulate the size and complexity of the molecule of subject 
matter that he combines with ignorance, but also, he must know exactly 
when, how, and to which chamber it is to be introduced. Everything 
must be proportioned exactly; the state of each chamber must be 
known; and the temperature of curiosity raised to 2500° C, so that 
complete chemical change may take place. This warmth must be 
radiated from your cheerful enthusiasm. If any subject matter is 
left uncombined, you are asked by your Train Bearer to explain; if 
there is ignorance still in its former state, you are warned by the Crown 
Princess herself that you are only a member "on trial." Truly you 
would rather be called upon to pay membership fees. But this is 
not all. 

(2). You must make weekly reports of the quantity of subject 
matter consumed by all the chambers. Also you are to report, quanti- 
tatively, the percentage of ignorance oxidized in each chamber. 

(3). Every Monday afternoon, at the same time the base-ball 
boys are called together for practice, you are required to meet with 
one of the Train Bearers. In this meeting you are drenched either 



with a flow of new demands or with old demands in new forms. It 
may be that you are kept there merely for discussions. At any rate 
"cussings" are there, even tho they are silent within yourself. Some?- 
time, along between sunset and supper time, you are dismissed, only 
to find that your wraps have been locked up in the main building. 
If you happen to be a ball player and have the good luck to get off a 
little earlier than usual, you hurry to the ball-field, practice your posi- 
tion for a few minutes, and then get called in for batting practice. 
A ball whizzes at you; you strike, foul it, and then hear the shout, 
"It's time for us to go in. Bring those bats and that mask." And 
then more "cussings" are present within you. Truly your reward 
seems insignificant beside the price you pay for it. 

(4). Twice each week you, along with other members of the Teachers 
Association, are called into the presence of the Crown Princess. One 
day you watch an experiment performed upon ignorance by a Train 
Bearer herself. You note the apparatus, the conditions, the perfor- 
mance, and the results. The following day you are called upon to 
report upon certain phases of the experiment. Here you have your 
chance for revenge upon the Train Bearers. If you are not afraid 
of their subsequent wrath, you draw your pencil and go in for scalps. 
You write out a criticism that would do honor to the Crown Princess 
of Criticisms. When your time comes you hurl vocally your written 
remarks at your victim, but only to find that you are unable to touch 
her. Her armor of explanations is invulnerable. You pass to your 
next class with despair and fear in your heart; despair at being foiled, 
and fear at the thought of trying to recite an unprepared lesson. For 
didn't you need that critique period for study? My, but you feel bad! 
You think it all a nuisance? Of course you do, but then don't worry. 
That won't last but three terms. 

At the end of that time, if you have consumed books full of other 
educative matter, you are given your reward — the reward you have 
worked for, suffered for, dreamed of — a small parchment with a blue 
ribbon around it, and, possibly, a chance to spend your life teaching 
at from $50 to $100 per month, while your friends are living comfortably 
on $2,500 per year. 

And yet the Teachers' Association holds its own, has held it, will 
hold it. Charity has not vanished from off this earth. The desire 
to work for the good of others still bums in the breast of many of man- 
kind. Also the hope of increased wages for school teachers still attracts 
the man, just as the greater chances of the school-mistress for coming 
into contact with marriageable men still attracts the girls. 
^\ May the attractor and attracted meet, join hands, and make room 
for new members in the Teachers' Association. 


Elizabeth Mavity, 
Isaac N. Warner, 
Marien Lyons 
Rosa Bland 
Jessie M. Dillon 
Jessie Cunningham 

Crown Princess of Criticisms 
Page to Crown Princess 

Lura Eyestone 
Grace Stevens 
Caroleen Robinson 
LORA M. Dexheimer 

Train Bearers 

Crown Princess 

Advisory Board 

David Felmley, - .-.. Chairman 

Heads of Departments of the Faculty of the I. S. N. U., - - Members 

*A11 officers will hold their positions next year. 




William T. Bawden, ------------ President 

Edna Coith, -- -- Secretary 

J. R. Steagall, ----- Treasurer 

Miss Cummings John P. Stewart 

Enola Bowman Abe M. Newton 

Perry H. Hellyer Walter Paxson 

Fkbd Telford 


Football, -------------- Abe M. Newton 

Basket-ball, --- Abe M. Newton 

Baseball, ------------- Walter Paxson 

Senior Athletics, -----------J. Roscoe Steagall 

Junior Athletics, ------- Albert Santee 

Manager, ------------ J. Roscoe Steagall 

(Prof. Bawden 
Coaches, -------------- ] 

(Prof. Stewart 

J^ihletics 81 


T last the thing we were beginning to despair of has come 
about — we have a winning football team. There is a 
tradition that back in the nineties we had a team that 
could go against the best and hold its own, but in recent 
years defeat has been our lot so often and so continuously 
that we came to believe it was only tradition. But, as a result of 
the games this year, we again begin to have faith in the old stories we 
hear, and better still, to hope for the future. Of the present we 
have no doubt — we have a winning team. 

Owing to past failures, both as to playing qualities and financial 
support, it was thought best not to arrange a schedule of games until 
we found whether or not we could win them, and whether the attendance 
at home would justify us in bringing other teams here. The first 
game showed that we were all right in both particulars, but it was 
then too late to arrange for games with teams of our class, their schedules 
being complete, so only three games were played. 

On October 9, the first game was played at Normal with Lincoln 
University. The weather was almost ideal, the attendance good, 
and the teams seemingly about evenly matched. Our team was some- 
what heavier, but the Lincoln players were apparently faster. But 
the game was not far advanced until it was seen that everything was 
our way. After about four minutes' play the first touchdown was 
made and goal kicked. Then touchdown followed touchdown in 
quick succession, until the score stood 41 to o, in our favor. The 
work of the spectators in this game deserves special mention. I have 
never seen a Normal crowd so enthusiastic at a football game, nor a 
crowd that appreciated the fine points of the game so well. 

The second game was played at Normal, with Millikin University, 
of Decatur, on October 24, before another very enthusiastic crowd. 
This was the hardest played game of the season. Normal scored early 
in the game, and apparently had Millikin outclassed, but soon lost 
the ball about the middle of the field, and then Millikin was prevented 
from scoring only by the hardest kind of playing. During the latter 
part of the first half both sides frequently got possession of the ball, 
only to quickly lose it. The half ended with the ball in Millikin's 
possession, on our twenty-yard line, the score being 6 to o, in our favor. 
The first part of the second half was a repetition of the latter part 
of the first, but toward the end of the game the weight of our team 
began to tell, long gains being made around Millikin's right end, and 
through right tackle. Finally the ball was pushed over for a touch- 
down, and the score was 11 to o, in our favor. Only a little time was 
left to play, but it that time our gains were long and consistent, and 
only the call of time kept the score from going higher. 

The final game of the season was played at Jacksonville, with 
Illinois College, October 30. This was our only defeat. The backs 
were in poor condition, especially for defensive work, and this had 




a great deal to do with the result. That we need not be ashamed of 
our showing is proved by the fact that we carried the ball almost loo 
yards without losing it, being stopped only within Jacksonville's five- 
yard line, and this, too, with two of the regular backs out of the game. 
The final score was 22 to o. We firmly believe that if we could have 
played Illinois another game, at Normal, the result would have been 

Only one thing remains— 7-to give credit to whom credit is due. 
There can be no doubt that, but for the persistent work of Mr. Stewart 
and Mr. Bawden, our football story would have been the same old 
thing — repeated defeats. By their regidar attendance at practice, 
their patience, their alternate scoldings and coaxings, with a plentiful 
intermixture of tact, by their enthusiasm and encouragement, they 
made possible the first winning team we have had for years 

The players, with their respective positions and weights, are as 
follows : 

Pierce (185) ---------------- Fullback 

Newton (170), Captain ----------- Left half back 

Jackson (154) - - Right half back 

CooNS (145) --------------- Quarter back 

Paris (145) --------------- Right end 

Telford (170) _.-._ Right tackle 

Blackburn (160) -..-- Right guard 

Eaton (215) --------- -- Center 

Steagall (168) --- --- Left guard 

McKean (15s) .-- Left tackle 

Harrison (140) ------- Left end 


HiLES (170) -- Guard 

Stice (145) -----, -_---.- End 

3uRGESs (142) ----- End and quarter back 

RiTCHER (132) _---. Quarter back 

McMuRTRY (163) Guard 

Gulp (145) ----- End 

Santee (170) ------- -- Back 

Summary of Games 

Lincoln University, at Normal - ._- 41 — o 

Millikin University, at Normal, ___---.-- n — o 

Illinois College, at Jacksonville, ____----- o — 22 

Points scored by Normal, 52; by opponents, 22. 


ja . 
o OS 
o ^ 







Summary of Games Played by the I. S. N. U. Basket-Bail Team 

Pontiac H. S. 

Idlewild Club, 


N. I. S. N. S., 


Bloomington Y. M. C. A., 

N. I. S. N. S., 

Lewis Institute, 




















January 15th at Pontiac, 

" 22nd at Normal, 
February 12 th " 

" ' 20th 
March 3rd " 


" 17th at DeKalb, 

" 1 8th at Chicago, 

Points scored by opponents, 141. 

Points scored by I. S. N. U., 337. 

As the above record shows, our boys have met with but one defeat 
during this season and, after winning the championship of Central 
Illinois and of the Normal schools of the state, we feel very confident 
in claiming the strongest team outside of Chicago. 

This success may be attributed to strong team-work, cool-headed 
playing, and the fine physical development of the individual players. 
Another fact not to be lost sight of in developing their powers, was 
the fine practice which this team had in playing with the second team. 
The second team was by no means a weak one, as was shown in the 
two games played against the Normal High School team, which were 
won by the following scores: 

I. S. N. U. Second Team, 43; Normal H. S., 22. 
I. S. N. U. Second Team, 24; Normal H. S., 12. 

The fact that the first team had such substitutes, gave them a 
feeling of assurance when on the "field of battle," for they knew that 
they had reserve force to draw upon. 

May we give due praise and honor to both teams, willing workers 
in making what we all desire for our I. S. N. U. — a fine record. We 
may well be proud of our basket-ball boys! 

There was no girls' inter-society basket-ball game this year. Three 
or four weeks before the end of the Winter term, the Philadelphian 
girls challenged the Wrightonian team, but on account of beginning 
the girls' practice much later in the season than was usual, and because 
of much sickness during the winter, the Wrightonian girls were not 
ready to play. These teams then gave up practicing and the class 
teams were organized. 

Our opening game in basket-ball was played in Pontiac, a city 
conveniently placed for us both as to its nearness of position and its 
train time-table. Also we had been told that a dance would be in 
order after the game. Our friends couldn't let that chance slip, so 
a party of thirty boys and girls, ten sacks of peanuts, a dozen apples, 
fifteen canes, and forty yards of ribbon, took the north-bound Alton 
at 5:55 P. M. 

Yes, we made the conductor laugh, and the brakeman laugh, and 
the porter laugh, and the passengers haw haw. But after about an 

36 . Index 

hour's experience in getting married, in stealing peanuts, in getting 
divorced, and in smiling on one another, we reached Pontiac. 

There we had a hard game. It may have been because it was our 
first, it may have been because of the floor, or the Pontiac team may 
have been exceptionally strong. At any rate, it made a better showing 
against us than some high-class teams did. Yes, we won. Our girls 
yelled for us. We couldn't help winning. And after changing our 
clothes, we showed that we were as graceful in the dance as we were 
quick and strong in the game. 

We made so many friends up there that we gave them a dance, 
after a return game, which they played here, Jan. 22. 

Our team also went to DeKalb to the Oratorical Contest. While 
on this trip it played both DeKalb and Lewis Institute. Of this trip 
you will hear elsewhere. 

We cannot close without giving the following data of other basket- 
ball games, which were exciting, even if not so skillfully played: 

November 24. Boys* Inter-Society Game 


"WRIGHTS," 22. "PHILS," 8. 

"Wrights" "Phils" 

Center, J. Roscoe Steagall, Capt. R. Forward, Wright Jackson, Capt. 
R. Forward, T. N. Smith L. Forward, G. W. Klemme 

L. Forward, Burley C. Johnston Center, Perry Hellyer 
R. Guard, Alfred Blackburn L. Guard, Fred Telford 
L. Guard, Abe M. Newton R. Guard, Leonard McKean 

February 20. Girls* 

I. S. N. u., 6. bloomington h. s., 4. 

R. Goal, Edna Coith, Captain R. Guard, Enola Bowman 

L. Goal, Gertrude Swain L. Guard, Nelle Rice 

Center, Mary Opperman C. Guard, Lorinda Perry 

March 1. Girls' 

seniors, 10. juniors, 24. 

Seniors. Juniors. 

R. Goal, Gertrude Swain, Capt. R. Goal, Edna Coith 
L. Goal, Nelle Rice L. Goal, Susie Camden 

Center, Lorinda Perry Center, Mary Opperman 

R. Guard, Joe Perry R. Guard, Enola Bowman 

L. Guard, Helen Tuthill L. Guard, Lillian Dole 

C. Guard, Dora Mau C. Guard, Lulu Gogin 

*March 21. Boys' 


Seniors. Juniors. 

Center, J. Roscoe Steagall, Capt. R. Forward, Perry Hellyer, Capt. 
R. Forward, Perry Hiles L. Forward, Irwin D. Frantz 

L. Forward, Burley C. Johnston Center, Albert Santee 
R. Guard, Harry Burgess R. Guard, Elmer Gingerich 

L. Guard, Abe M. Newton L. Guard, Fred Telford 

♦This was the game of the dummy rushes. 


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A.ihletics 91 

Baseball in 1904 

Co the man who sees nothing in athletics but the winning of games, 
our baseball, so far, has been a flat failure. We have played 
four games and, when the dust was cleared away, we were a 
shade under our opponent's count at the close of each. But 
what's the real odds if it is the other fellow that gets the last laugh. 
In every one of those contests we were up against older and more exper- 
ienced teams, and yet, with possibly one exception, we made them 
work for all they were worth until the last man was dead before they 
could call us beaten. Our men have played well, if they haven't won, 
and, in spite of a little hoodoo that seems to have chosen our company 
for the season, we can clearly say that there are no quitters on the 
team of the old I. S. N. U. We are proud to stand by the boys who 
have battled earnestly for the renown of our school, even if they couldn't 
bring home anything more than the wholesome respect of the opponents, 
and we firmly believe that the mettle they have shown indicates better 
things for the future. 

Our first game, at Decatur, against Millikin University, resulted 
in a score of 8 to 5. The game was lost in the seventh inning by a 
combination of sharp hitting on the part of Millikin, and of five errors 
on the part of Normal. Paxson's pitching and batting — a home run, 
three-bagger, and a single — and the fielding of McKean, Blackburn, 
and Telford were the features of this game, from our viewpoint. 

The next game was against the Wesleyans, at Bloomington, resulting 
in the close score of 10 to 9, and lost in the ninth inning. Paxson's 
pitching and Johnston's work at shortstop were the most prominent 
features, not to mention the frantic but fruitless efforts of their rooters 
to rattle our men. 

Our next contest was at Peoria, against the Bradley Polytechnic, 
score being 10 to 4. Here again we failed near the close of the game, 
Bradley scoring four runs in the eighth. Hellyer's work at first-base, 
Kimmell's all-around play and the batting of McKean and Telford 
were the bright and shining lights of this game. Paxson struck out 
ten men, but the handicap of ten errors by Normal was too much of 
a load for any one man. 

Our fourth contest was at home, against Eureka. This was, in 
some ways, the closest and most disappointing of all our games. After 
gaining an uphill lead of two runs, in the seventh, our boys let down 

92 Indejc 

and permitted a tie in the ninth, which was broken by Eureka in the 
tenth, making the final score 9 to 8. Hellyer's first-base play was 
again excellent, the batting of Paxson and McKean and the latter's 
base-running were very good. The game was exciting throughout, 
and was lost only by an unexpected slump in our batting toward the 
close of the game, and a considerable brace in that of our opponents. 

The men and their positions thus far have been as follows: Pax- 
son, pitcher; Kimmell, catcher; Hellyer, first base; Telford, second 
base; Johnston and Savoie, shortstops; McKean and Santee, third 
base; Blackburn, left field; Jackson, McCuUoch, Steagall, and Telford, 
in center and right fields. 

In conclusion we will say that if success in athletics can be measured 
to any extent by those other aspects, the getting of a good number 
of men out to play, the training of men to stand up and keep cool and 
steady under trying circumstances, the taking of reverses in a sports- 
manlike way, the subordination of the individual to the common good, 
and, finally, the means of utilizing God's outdoors on our campus in 
a vigorous way; — if these things count for anything — then we say 
most emphatically that our baseball has been far from a failure, and 
that it has been of distinct and, we hope, permanent value. 

Other Games to be Played 

May 14th, With Eureka, at Eureka. 
" 17th, " Wesleyan, at Normal. 

" Millikin, 
" 27th, " U. ofl. 







^ihleticj 95 

The Gymnasium 

Come with me to what is now one of the most enjoyable places in 
the school — the gymnasium. Shall we visit it while classes are at work 
on the floor, or shall we wait until school hours are over? Visits at 
either time will be equally interesting, for when the regular class work 
is over the gymnasium is by no means deserted. It is a favorite resort 
of all the students, for its extensive apparatus, its equipment for play- 
ing basket-ball, and its bowling alley furnish many and varied means 
for profitable and delightful recreation. The gymnasium, seen either 
in its hours of work or recreation indicates the spirit of real interest 
in physical training which prevails among the students. Such an 
interest is a natural outgrowth of the attitude of the director of the 
gymnasium toward her work and toward the individual students. She 
takes an active personal interest in the welfare and happiness of every 
student. In her, each member of her classes has a real friend. 

If you have not visited the gymnasium within the past year you 
will find that many changes have taken place. Among these changes 
are : a new instructor, the completion of the bowling alley ; a more com- 
plete equipment of gymnastic apparatus; an increase in the quantity 
of floor work done. The students are hoping for one more addition 
to the gymnasium for next year — the installment of the swimming pool. 
This, they agree, is all that is necessary to make it everything that 
can be desired. 

With the employment of a special instructor in physical training 
the Board of Education multiplied by three the time required for this 
work. The course in physical training now covers four periods a week, 
for three terms. This makes practicable a more comprehensive plan 
for the department than has hitherto been possible. Students not only 
have formal gymnastics, gymnastic dancing, basket ball and other 
games for their own physical improvement but discuss methods of 
teaching gymnastics in the school-room, and have opportunity to teach 
squads from their own classes. They are also learning, as never before, 
how to use to the best advantage that very essential feature of every 
school — the school grounds. 

Because of the students' recognition of the value of gymnastics, 
their excellent training in it, and their high ideals of the character of 
such work we may expect before long to find gymnastics taught regularly 
and well in the public schools; and as a result of this, to find public 
opinion turning in favor of physical education, as it has done here 



Other Athletics 

OWING to the late spring, our campus has not presented its usual 
picture of merry youths and maidens engaged in that enjoy- 
able recreation — tennis. The courts were applied for and as- 
signed early in the term but even now, three weeks before 
commencement, only a few nets are to be seen in the evening. Many 
have missed this pleasure with a great deal of regret. It was a matter 
of much surprise to the Seniors that the faculty, while deferring the 
baseball game, did not come back at them with a tennis challenge. 
But then, perhaps they were so astonished at the audacity of the Seniors 
in baseball matters that they forgot their old-time dodge. 

Pedestrians? Yes, of course, the time and change of season does 
not effect the meetings of this club. To be sure they have not organized 
under constitution or set of rtdes, but what need of such when the im- 
pulse is the same? 

No regular outline of "tramps" has been followed but a few of the 
popular courses are: — to the Soldiers' Orphans' Home, to the Camel- 
back Bridge, west on Sudduth Road, north on the Illinois Central 
railroad, to Bloomington and back, and others. The scientist excursions 
this spring have developed many rugged pedestrians. 


Oshkosh-Normal Debate 

98 Indejc 


Wrightonians Lead in all Exercises 

Piano Solo — Ronds Capricioso --------- Mendelssohn 

Anna Altevogt 

Debate — Resolved, That our laws should provide for compulsory- 
arbitration in labor-capital troubles — first, where the interests 
of the public are especiall}'- at stake ; second, where either party 
to the controversy demands arbitration. 

Interpretation. — The clause "where the interests of the 
public are especially at stake," shall be interpreted to mean 
where the labor-capital troubles in question interfere with the 
production, transportation, or exchange of the necessaries and 
ordinary comforts of life. 

Affirmed, I. B. McMurtry, Geo. B. Kendall 

Denied, Fred Telford, Edward Cribs 

Vocal Music — a Serenade ------------- Ra^ 

—h The Rosy Mom -._ Ronald 

Ernest E. Edmunds 


Essay — The Use of Responsibility in Training Girls ----- 

Edith L. Mossman 

Essay — Educational Fashions ------------ 

Elizabeth Matheny 

Declamation — The Other Wise Man Henry VanDyke 

Pearl Dobson 

Declamation — The Sign of the Cross ---------- 

Martha Grace Thomason 

Instrumental Music — a Berceuse from "Jocelyn" - - Benj. Godard 
— b Mazurka Caprice - - - - Wilson G. Smith 
Cora M. Harned 

Instrumental Music — a Op. 4, Tarantelle in G sharp min. - Karganoff 
— b Rhapsodic Hongroise, No. XI - - - - Lisst 
Bessie Dillon 

Oration — Ethics of the Labor Movement 

Fred T. Ullrich 

Oration — William Booth and the Salvation Army ------ 

Leonard A. McKean 

Contests 99 

The Inter-Society Contest 

THE contest of 1903 was a success. As a whole, I think it was 
better than the contests of 1901 and 1902 ; but, as I am a Wrigh- 
tonian, it is with difficulty that I recall the merits of the various 
winning numbers. The decision of the judges was so over- 
powering, when that of the year before was thought of, that, for a time, 
my mind was a blank. If this were to be a critical comparison of the 
contests, some of the facts recalled might lean from the straight line 
of truth a little Wrightoniaward. But the Philadelphian Index reader 
would attribute it to jealousy, and the Wrightonian would know that 
it was caused by the contemplation of those sad words, "It might 
have been " ; so no harm would be done. 

The interest shown by the students in the last three contests was 
the kind of interest that should be shown. It was very hearty but 
not inimical. Such an interest creates a love for one's society, and 
thus by a strong tie binds the student to the old I. S. N. U. and insures 
an interest that lasts. The interest shown by the students in the last 
contest was very great, if yards of ribbon and ear-splitting yells are 
any indications. It at least made more than one former student think 
or exclaim, "O, I wish I were back in school!" 

The last two contests have gone down as Philadelphian victories, 
and they do indeed (tho we say it with reluctance) add glory to that 
great name; but we cannot close without a recalling to mind of the 
contest of 1901, which is remembered by those Wrightonians who were 
in school but a few years, as the close of the golden age, for whose speedy 
return they ardently hope. 

The contest of 1904 will soon be the one of deepest interest, except 
to students who have left school. To them reminiscences are dearer 
than actual events, and the old contests will not be forgotten. The 
contest of 1903 was one that added glory to the name of Philadelphia 
and old Nonnal, and did not detract from Wrightonia's name. That 
future contests may achieve this true success, whoever be the winner, 
is the sincere wish of an Alumnus of 1903. 

That "Silent streams flow deepest," if true, was proved true by 
exception this year, for the Philadelphians, who were the noisier of the 
two societies in their demonstrations before the contest, showed them- 
selves the deeper, if judges' decisions count, unless the Wrightonians' 
thoughts were so deep that the judges found them unfathomable. 

The Phils were happy this year. Still exuberant with the joy 
of last year's victory after nine years of defeat, they could scarcely 



walk the earth. A memorable outburst occurred on the night of their 
rehearsal in Normal Hall when about forty of the bolder spirits climbed 
the belfry and "made night hideous" with their yells as they hung 
an orange and black banner from the flag pole. 

Ka-zeek, Ka-zill, 
Be still, be still, 
And hear us yell for 
Phil, Phil, Phil. 
We'll win again, 
You bet we will. 
Hurrah for Phil! 
Hurrah for Phil! 

The fact that the President of the school came over with a lantern 
and called them down added spice to the occasion. 

Next morning each Wrightonian, as he saw the hostile banner, 
said within himself, "Let them fly their colors now; to-morrow they 
fall. " But remembering last j'^ear's quiet victory for the other side, 
the Wrights kept their own counsel pretty closely, except for an occa- 

Ko-ax, Ko-ax, 

Get a big ax, big ax. 

Sock it right into the neck of the bluff. 

Who says Wrightonia isn't the stuff! 

But the colors staid, for Philadelphia won debate, essay, and instru- 
mental music. The vocal music was not contested by the Phils. The 
night of the contest, interest was intense. The points were so closely 
contested that in every case the votes were two to one. The moments 
spent in awaiting the decision were agony to both sides, especially 
since the audience was compelled to wade through the three stanzas of 
the song "Illinois" after the decision was known to be in the hands 
of the chairman. 

The Philadelphians held their victorious feast in the Art room, 
while the Wrightonians banqueted in the Gymnasium and bravely 
forgot the present in contemplation of a coming opportunity to retrive 
lost prestige. 

To-day, the fourteenth of April, when the wind blows briskly, a 
practiced eye can still see the Philadelphian banner waving, a faint 
trace of rag clinging to the flag pole. 

limelia Hertlein Leonard McKcan 

Ethel F. Bryant Burley C. Johnston Margaret Black 

Norma Proctor J. Val. Wickert 

2 E 



The DeKalb Trip 

N the morning of March 17th, the I. S. N. U. delegation of 

twenty-seven students and faculty members took the Alton 

Limited for DeKalb. Altho we started in the rain, no one 

of our company seemed disturbed by such unsuitable 

weather. On the contrary, our spirits ran high as the train 

sped along and the rain fell. 

One of the basket-ball goal throwers and our lady business delegate 
seemed in particularly good moods, and, before we had gotten fairly 
started, we were appraised of the fact that a marriage ceremony had 
taken place. This was the most sensational affair that occurred on 
our trip. 

On our arrival in Chicago we were transferred to the Northwestern 
depot by the Frank Parmelee Transfer Co., our business manager having 
convinced the Parmelee agent that our tickets entitled us to the transfer 

After an hour's stay, during which we all strutted about as if we 
were used to much travel, we left for DeKalb, where we were taken 
in tow by Prof. Keith and Mr. Farr. 

After dinner we all went to the Normal School. The afternoon 
was spent in looking thru the building, which is a model of beauty 
and of which the DeKalb people are justly proud. After class hours 
a game of basket-ball was played between our team and DeKalb. 
The game was fast and exciting, both teams working hard, but our 
boys proved the stronger, winning by a score of 22-15. 

Then how we yelled is told in the books you've read. But this 
was as nothing compared with the singing by our Prof. WesthofiE when 
he was telling how he loved our players. 

In the evening occurred the oratorical contest for which we had 
gone. The three contestants were: Miss Ethel Frank Bryant, of DeKalb, 
who spoke on the Western Pioneer; Miss Margaret Black, of Macomb, 
whose subject was Booker T. Washington, and Mr. Burley Johnston, 
of Normal, whose oration was on Race Prejudice and The Negro Prob- 

Miss Bryant was the first speaker. Her production was excellent 
in thought and composition, and her manner of address pleasing. 

Mr. Johnston came next, and to us who knew him, it seemed as tho 



none could surpass him. His freedom from nervousness, his energy, 
his earnestness and the judgment he used in working up to the several 
climaxes of his oration, showed qualities not found in the other orations. 

There seemed no doubt of the ultimate result. We felt assured 
of success for our orator, and after Miss Black had delivered her oration, 
which was good in general composition, but, as we thought, lacking 
in delivery, we felt more assured than ever, but the judges' decision 
gave first to DeKalb and second to Normal. 

Mr. Johnston showed by his splendid effort that he did not lose 
because of lack of preparation or painstaking care on his part or that 
of his instructors, and he is to be complimented for his splendid show- 
ing. His was truly a royal defeat. The I. S. N. U. is proud of his 
work and of him. 

After the contest, a reception was held in the halls of the building 
in honor of the visiting delegations. This was a most enjoyable affair, 
but it seemed that public receptions did not suit at least two of our 
number, for the basket-ball captain and his mascot were observed 
to separate themselves from the multitude and pass out into the night — 
presumably seeking the quiet solitude of some DeKalb fireside. 

At 8 :3o next morning we left DeKalb for Chicago where our basket- 
ball boys played a game with Lewis Institute. Before the game we 
were shown around the school and later entertained by an excellent 
concert, given by the various classes of the Institution. 

The I. S. N. U. team was defeated by Lewis with a score of 39-12. 
Our team was handicapped, having played two hard games just previous 
to this one, and these, along with the wakeful nights spent by at least 
one member of the team, accounted in a measure for the above score. 

That evening fifteen of the party returned home, the other twelve 
remaining in the city until the next day to see the sights and to do 
some shopping. The latter seemed to be Prof. Bawden's main purpose 
in staying, and he made the most of his opportunity by laying in a 
good supply of "dentifrice. " Ask him about it. He's a kind man and 
will tell you. 

In the evening those of us who had remained in the city went to 
the opera. The next morning was spent looking around the city, and 
at 11:30 A. M. we left for home. 

Our return was a very quiet affair. We were tired out, and most 
of us enjoyed the opportunity we had to rest. At Bloomington the 
last counting of noses took place and our efficient chaperons, Mr. 
Bawden and Miss Lucas, were relieved of their duties which were so 
satisfactorily performed. 

Altho we failed to come home victorious, as we had hoped to do, 
we nevertheless enjoyed our trip. We were royally entertained by 
our northern brothers and sisters, and hope that we may be given 
an opportunity to return the compliment, both socially and oratorically. 



Oshkosh-Normal Debate 

Question: Resolved, That our laws should provide for compulsory 
arbitration in labor-capital troubles — first, where the interests of the public 
are especially at stake; second, where either party to the controversy de- 
mands arbitration. 

Perhaps it was the successful outcome of last year's debate that 
influenced our students in the greater interest manifested in debate 
than in oratorical matters. There were ten con- 
testants in the first preliminary and a good show- 
ing was made by each one. From this number, 
Miss Mossman, and Messrs. Telford, Kendall, 
McMurtry, Coons, and Giberson were selected 
to pit themselves against one another in the second 
trying out, held January nth, Mr. McMurtry was 
compelled to resign his place amongst the six, 
and Mr. Laughlin, being next in 
rank, was selected. 

In the second primary. Miss 
Mossman and Messrs. Coons and 
Giberson supported the affirm- 
ative and the other three the 
^negative. By the decision of 
the judges Miss Mossman and 
Messrs. Telford and Coons were 

selected to represent Normal against Oshkosh on 
the evening of May 27th. 

The question has been gone over so many times 
that interest seems to have fallen off to a very great 
extent, but it will doubtless revive as the time for 
contesting with our northern sister approaches. In- 
deed, we are apt to feel that ours is bound to be the winning side, 
having lost but one debate in the series. Our foe is well worthy our 
steel, however, and if our debaters are to win, they must have a 
loyal and sympathetic school at their backs, demanding their best efforts. 

" ll'c arc not sayine tha( 
the decision loouhi ahvays 
be just." 

' Ahem t 



A large delegation is expected. They will be 
entertained at a reception Thursday evening at 
which a cantata, "A Garden of Singing Flowers," 
will be given. 

Thru some mistake the date of the debate had 
to be changed from the 20th to the 27th, thus 
making it impossible for us 
to give the decision or any 
account of the program. 

We feel that our ma- 
terial has been good this 
year and are in hopes that 
the interest in this contest 
I will not slack next year. 
Tho we see our friends 
but a few days, I am sure 
that much good comes of 
these meetings with other schools 
can enter the contest 
or join the delegation 
accompanying his 
school's representa- 
tives and does not, is depriving himself of 
one of the most pleasant experiences of his 
school life. 

Human nature is such 
that the oddities and idio- 
syncracies of a generation 
are continually cro^fiing' 
out- I ivill proceed to my 
second t<oinf>' 

One who 

"But, unfortunately, they have 
not troved their foint. No7u, 
let us sutiose ." 

"Let us hote that Uncle Sam 
■will adjust the yoke and drive 
his team uf to el»ry," 

John W. Riley 

Emma L. Saxton 

J, Edward Treleven 


Herbert Coons 

Fred Telford 




«;>^»v(^^ S>^vv^^ <::^-^l^ "^"^^ ^""I^?" "^'"L^ ''^"^?» S^*''^?^ «^»''^?- 

The Hallo^ve'en Party 

EE whiz! What's up now?" Such was the question in- 
voluntarily asked by the startled students and faculty. 
It was at the Hallowe'en party given in the gymnasium 
by the entering sections to the older students. All were 
busily engaged. Some were admiring the grinning faces 
of the Jack-0 '-Lanterns; others were having their fortunes told in a 
cornstalk wigwam ; still others were solving the puzzles arranged along 
the wall; while all were jabbering. 

The crowd had been assembled about a half hour when, just as 
the hum and buzz of voices were loudest, three figures, dressed in clown- 
ish disguises with masks and six-inch noses, dashed into the hall swing- 
ing their Jack-O'-Lanterns recklessly about. Two were dressed as men 
and one as a woman. The short man carried a lantern made from a 
gourd; the long man swung a potato lantern; while the fat woman, 
modestly holding up her long train with her left hand, whirled a grin- 
ning turnip in her right. No wonder that everyone was startled. 

They did not yell or laugh, no, not they. It would have given 
them away. But they did prance, and dance, and promenade with the 
girls, and pull each other's noses. O, those noses! They were so 
funny! They were six-inch cones attached by rubbers to the nose on 
the mask. Lengthy would grab the end of Shorty's nose and pull it 
away out. Then, as he let it go, it would fly back to its old position. 
It was so ridiculous that even the most serious member of our faculty 
had to laugh. And the way that fat woman walked! Oh, but it was 

But those masks were hot, I am told, and playing the clown was 
hard work. So after about an hour's masquerade. Lengthy, Shorty, 
and Fatty discarded the disguises and appeared in their natural attire. 
Others, however, did not want to see the clowns die, so they donned 
the costumes. But they were unfortunate, because they became too 
attentive to some of our girls, whereupon our boys picked them up, 
slung them in the air, and finally scared them into disappearing. The 
three former clowns saw all this and laughed at the punishment they 
had escaped. 

An amusing feature of the evening was the eating of apples hung 
by strings from the balcony of the gymnasium. Boys and girls would 
eat from different sides of the apple. I am told that, if the lights had 
not been so bright and so many people had not been there, various 
couples would have missed the apples when biting. 

The party was a grand success. It was the best attended and the 
most enjoyable of all that have been held this year. The entering 
students made excellent hosts. May they be the guests next year, 
and may they be entertained as royally as they have entertained! 

Social Extents itt 

A Leap Year Party 

jNE day soon after the arrival of the leap year of 1904, a 
group of Senior girls conceived the idea of giving the boys 
of the school a party. They talked the matter over and 
then asked the President of this wonderful class to call a 
meeting of the girls in Room 13 at 12 :2o. This was done and in that 
room at that hour the fun began. 

The meeting was called to order, but that order was short-lived 
and in the uproar that followed the announcement of the object of the 
meeting many remarks could be heard that ran somewhat as follows: 
"Say, won't that be great?" "But what will you wear?" Will we 
have to ask the boys?" "Suppose they'd say no!" "I know whom 
I am going to ask ; but will I have to go after him ? He lives 'way down 
in the south end of town." "Miss President\ Miss President!!" 
"Will we have to go after them?" "Oh dear! if I just had something 
to wear." "Wouldn't it be terrible to get turned down." "Miss 
Presidentl Say, Miss President!! I've got the floor." Amidst this 
babel of voices the President could be heard saying: "Girls, Aunt Elsie 
(more commonly known as Beulah Johnson) has the floor and unless 
you make less noise we can never decide about anything. What is it. 
Aunt Elsie?" "Well," said Aunt Elsie, "I think it is perfectly silly 
for a girl to ask a boy to go to a leap year party with her and then 
not go after him. I, for one, am not going to do any such thing. I 
know which one I am going to take. It will be a pleasure to call for 
him and I mean to do it, and I would advise the rest of you to go and 
do likewise." For some reason our President seemed to think that 
Aunt Elsie was laboring under a delusion, so she said, "Aunt Elsie, 
you know that no boy outside of the school is to be invited." The 
glowing expression on Aunt Elsie's face changed rapidly while she 
meekly asked if it would be all right if he were a brother of the Senior 
girl who sat just behind her. Upon being told that it would not, she 
said, "Well, if that's the case I don't care whether I go to the party 
or not." 

By this time the surplus energy had been worked off and a sort 
of quiet reigned again. It was now understood that the party would 
be given, that each girl should invite a young man to go with her and 
finally that she should call for him. A few committees were appointed 
to arrange the minor details and the meeting adjourned. 



From this time on to January fourteenth, the day set for party, 
whispering girls could be seen in groups in the Assembly room, in the 
halls, on the streets, and almost everywhere else. Of course every 
one knew what they were talking about and any boy who happened 
to come within view of them immediately disappeared somewhere — 
the girls never knew where nor why. Some of the girls were very 
courageous and came out all right while others met with indifferent 
success and still others heard the young men say, "Well, I'm very sorry, 
but I have other company." One young lady called at a certain young 
man's house in the afternoon about a week before the party, and after 
receiving an invitation this young man said in a very hurried manner, 
"Just wait till I get on my hat and coat, please." He evidently thought 
that he had to go by the way of Hudson and so had better get an early 

x\unt Elsie finally decided to go, but to avoid trouble she asked a 
very youthful boy to accompany her and then she took a girl with her 
when she called for him. 

Another conversation took place as follows: "I suppose you have 
heard that we girls are going to give a party." "Ahem!" (smothered 
giggle) "Ahem! Well yes, I have heard something about it." "Well, 
if you haven't promised someone else I'd like to have you go with 
me." "I'll be delighted to go with you, but you'll have to come under 
my window and whistle, for the front door at our house is fastened 
up. It will be necessary for me to come out the back door, but I'll 
be right down." 

Many other things happened of a similar nature, but since some 
people think girls tell everything they know, we will not relate any 
more episodes, just to show those people that girls don't tell tales. 
;(^5/ At last the night of the party came, and with it the test of the girl's 
courage. With fear and trembling each girl went after her charge and 
got him to the Gymnasium in safety. Here the evening was spent in 
such amusements as are usually characteristic of children's parties and 
finally, after refreshments were served to every one who sat on tables — 
and some few others — the hoys took the girls home. Just why this 
change was made we are unable to say. 

Social E.'Oent.s 113 

A True Comedy of Misunderstandings 

Time: Oct. 23, 1903, to Jan. 29, 1904. 

Mr. Johnston, ----------- President of Cicero 

Mr. Freeland, ----------- Secretary of Cicero 

Mr. Burgess, ~) 

Mr. Kendall, >• --___------ Members of Cicero 

Mr. Ruffer, ) 

Miss Dobson, ------- President of Girls' Debating Club 

Miss Rickart, ------- Secretary of Girls' Debating Club 

Miss Edwards, ~\ 

Miss Harned, >• -------------- Members 

Miss Rouse, ) 

ACT I. — Scene I. 

Wrightonian Hall. 

Time: A meeting of Cicero. 

(Mr. Johnston and Mr. Burgess on the stage. Other men in audience.) 

Mr. J. : — Society, please come to order. Any business to come 
before the Society? 

Mr. K. : — Mr. President, I think it would be very nice to give a 
reception to the Girls' Debating Club, in the Gymnasium, on Friday 
night, Nov. 6. I put this as a motion. 

Mr. B.: — I second the motion. 

(The motion is put and unanimously carried.) 

Mr. J.: — Any further business? Society is adjourned. 

Scene II. 

Philadelphian Hall— A meeting of the Girls' Debating Club. 

(Miss Dobson and Miss Rickert on the stage. Other girls in audience) 

Miss D.: — Society will please come to order. I have an invitation 
to read. 

(Reads):— To the Girls' Debating Club: 

The Ciceronian Society extends to the Girls' Debating Club an 
invitation to a reception to be given in the Gymnasium, Friday evening, 
Nov. 6, 8 to — . (Signed) Burley Johnston, President. 

What will the Club do with the invitation? 

Miss E.: — I move we accept the invitation. 

Miss H.: — I second the motion. 

Miss R. : — Now - there's - no - hurry - about - this, - since - we - have - 
so - much - time. — So - 1 - suggest - that - we - wait - until - there - are - 
more - members - present - before - we - accept - it. — We - do - not - 
want - it - to - appear - that - we - are - too - anxious. — Therefore, - 
I - move - that - we - call - a - meeting - Monday - at - 12 :2o - and - 
accept - the - invitation - at - that - time. 

fl (Thru lack of parliamentary knowledge, this last motion is put and 
carried, and the society proceeds with the program.) 

Miss D.: — Rememljer the meeting Monday and tell all the girls 
to come. (Curtain.) 

(Between the time of the second and third scenes, it has been reported 
that the invitation was "tabled.") 

Scene III. 

Room 24, 10:35, Mon., Oct. 26. A meeting (called) of Cicero. 

Mr. J.: — It seems as if the girls did not treat us right in regard 
to our invitation. I hear it was tabled. What shall we do about it? 

tl4- Indejc 

Mr. B.: — I move you we withdraw our invitation. 

Mr. R. : — I second it. 

(The motion is put and carried.) 

Scene IV. 

Room 23, 12 :2o, Mon., Oct. 26. A called meeting of Girls' Debating 

Miss D. : — I believe the purpose of this meeting is to vote on the 
acceptance of the invitation. 

Miss R. : — I have an important notice to oe read before any business 
is transacted. 

(Reads) To the Girls' Debating Club: 

For reasons we cannot state, we have found it necessary to with- 
draw our invitation. B. Johnston, Pres. 

H. Freeiand, Sec. 

Miss Dobson: — I guess there is no purpose of this meeting. 

Scene V. 
Assembly room, 3:20, Oct. 27. 

(A long discussion between Messrs. J., F., and K., and Misses D., E., 
and R., after which the first misunderstanding is made clear. 

Scene VI. 

Gymnasium, Nov. 6, '03. — (Pantomime) 

(Bowling alley, Ping Pong and Flinch tables. Great sport is had 
at each, and as the hands of the clock reach the appointed hour, the 
players disperse, happy that the first quarrel is ended.) 

ACT II. — Scene I. 

Philadelphian Hall — A meeting of Girls' Debating Club. 
Miss R. : — I move that the girls give a reception to Cicero on Jan. 
29, in the Gymnasium. 

Miss H. : — I second the motion. 
(The motion is put and carried.) 

Same Place. Scene II. 

Miss D.: — I have an answer to our invitation, which I will read to 

(Reads) To the Girls' Debating Club: 

The Ciceronian Society will accept the invitation of the Girls' Debat- 
ing Club, providing there is no basket-ball game that evening. 

H. Burgess, Pres. 

This is the answer, as if we should tell a gentleman we would go 
with him if no one better came by. 

Assembly room. Scene III. 

(The girls of the Debating Club— each with an envelope in her 
hand — watching, and, when no one is looking, putting it in the desk 
of the favorite gentleman whom she wishes to go to a reception in 
the Gymnasium, on Jan. 29, given by the Girls' Debating Club.) 


Gymnasium, Jan. 29, '04. (Pantomime.) 

(Girls and boys, with pencil and paper, walking thru the Hall of 
Curios, trying their fortunes with bow knots, and seeing who can 
obtain the most hearts.) 

Social E-c>enfs 



ERHAPS the Fortmghtl}^ Club would "lak to change its 
name" now, owing to the fact that it has barely managed 
to assert its life and importance about three or four times 

this year. The organization seems to have flourished 

chiefly in the mind's eye. 

At the beginning of the year our ofificial, President Felmley, in the 
goodness of his heart, to trip the light fantastic, set the "gym" at 
times apart. But oh, we caught our Tartar in the person of Miss 
Cummings, who, perhaps thinking from the gymnastic standpoint that 
the more friction between feet and floor the more physical benefit, 
forbade our waxing the floor. But ah, "where there's a will, there's 
a way to break it," and a senior had a happy thought. If we want 
to put parafiin on the soles of our shoes, is not that some more of our 
business ? 

For some reason the adhesion between the paraftin and the floor 
seemed stronger than the adhesion between the paraffin and the shoes. 
But that's not here — nor there — since the floor was scrubbed. 

And then to get called down for allowing the guests of honor to 
come to the party! Truly the way of a Normal student is hard! 

The first Fortnightly dance of the year, at which several former 
members were present, was given in the gymnasium on the eve before 
Thanksgiving. On the twenty-second of January the bo5's gave a dance 
after the basket-ball game with Pontiac, in honor of the visiting team. 
Owing to the fact that the alumni team instead of the high school 
team came, Mr. Felmley was somewhat displeased when he learned 
that they too danced, because they were not connected with any school 
or university. As the dance had been arranged with a view of enter- 
taining the high school team, it would have been anything but pleasant 



to have given it up late in the afternoon of the twenty-second when 
it was learned that the alumni team was coming. On Friday evening, 
February twenty-sixth, a dance was given by the Fortnightly Club in 
the gym. Some of the last year's members of the club, and some who 
had belonged to it earlier in the year, returned to Normal to be present 
at this function. 

And then the girls took matters into their own hands, determining 
to make the best of the opportunities offered them by Leap Year and 
to strive to repay in a measure the kindness of the boys or at least 
to let them know that their efforts were appreciated. 

On the night of April eighth, twenty-six triumphant maidens pro- 
ceeded to Trimmer's Opera House, each bringing in her wake — a man. 
But oh, the courage, bravery, and nerve required to " land "^ him! 
About nine, the dancing began and lasted till one. And the^next 
morning — but we are not talking about the next morning — we are 
confined to the dance. 

" 'Tis true, 'tis pity, and pit)^ 'tis, 'tis true" that the Fortnightly 
Club was not in such a flourishing condition as it was last^year, and 
the reason is chiefly that so few of the boys dance. 

Moral: Boys, learn to dance, for it is easy to see that the fewer 
the boys who can dance, the fewer dances there will be, and conversely, 
the more boys who dance, the more dances there will be. 

Social £-Oenis 


Senior Boys' Reception 

lARLY in the Spring term, news came to Normal that Miss 
I Marien Lyons was to return. Everyone was delighted 
i^Dg^^ I to hear this and none more than the present Senior class. 
*™ , 'I We remembered how she had helped us in our class night 
exercises when we were Juniors, and how interested and helpful she 
had been in student enterprises. The Senior boys immediately started 
plans for a reception to be given in her honor; but for certain reasons 
this had to be postponed to April i. 

A committee was appointed to work out the ratio of the number 
of Senior girls to the number of Senior boys. After much multiplying 
and dividing and shortening the process by the use of logarithms we 
finally reduced the problem to a quadratic equation and solved for X. 
The value of X, which by the way has since been found to be a variable, 
gave the number of girls that each Senior boy was to take to the re- 

Then a committee wrote out the invitations and the boys were 
just ready to give them out when a bright Senior from Arkansas struck 
upon a happy thought. Why not have an April Fools' party at the 
same time? The thought was no sooner suggested than it was acted 
upon. The invitations which had been carefully written and arranged 
were mixed and traded indiscriminately and no boy sent invitations 
to the girls whom he intended to bring. This plan seemed for a time 
to promise fun for the boys until one, fearing that he might have some 
difficulty in explaining matters when he called in the evening, re- 
marked to a Senior girl, that, the fact that a certain name was on the 
card was no reason why that gentleman was going to call. Of course 
the girls were not slow to understand the situation. This information 
only made affairs more complex. Each girl tried to find out who was 
going to call for her. The most extravagant stories were told on both 

Such were the conditions when the shadows of the evening of the 
first began to deepen. At about 7 130 April fools could be seen every- 
where thronging the streets, running here and there, dodging behind 
trees, waiting in dark parlors to be taken, and all the time wondering 



what was going to happen. What really did happen will be left for 
you to guess, except in one or two cases. 

One vSenior boy who has had trouble with his Algebra could not 
find the value for X, and so guessed at a value far too high. Conse- 
quently he tried to make too many calls. Fortunately this young 
man came in contact with a friend who informed him of his error. 

At the appointed hour, the reception committee formed a semi- 
circle in the president's office and prepared to receive the guests. After 
the crowd had gathered and had had a social chat, a short but very 
attractive program consisting of a series of pantomimes and a contest 
in flower making was given. Abe Newton showed us how to harness 
a horse and hitch it to a buggy. George B. Kendall illustrated, with 
his usual clearness, how the Senior girls prepare for a reception, and 
Miss Alice Pollock showed how the Senior boys did the same thing. 
If you want fried potatoes, or if you want to know how to fry them, 
see Miss Maud Lantz. Beulah Johnson knows well how to make a cake; 
but if you want your dress cut to fit you must call on Gertrude Swain. 
Perry Hiles showed how Ernie conducts a chorus. Miss McGuire closed 
this part of the program with a very excellent illustration of kinder- 
garten teaching. 

Now the flower contest began. A number of persons were given 
paper from which each had to tear some flower. After the flowers 
were made they were passed around and we guessed at the name of 
each flower. When the specimens were collected and the lists read, it 
was found that Mr. Stewart was the winner of the prize. There are 
a few who say that this was due to a plot laid by some of Mr. Stewart's 
friends. The more conservative, however, do not seem to accept this 
story and no one has ever held the idea that Mr. Stewart was in any- 
way whatever connected with the plot. He won his laurels by long 
and patient study of flowers. 

Frappe was served in the art room. A very pleasant evening was 
enjoyed by all. About ten o'clock the boys began to consult their 
directories and soon were seen going their various ways homeward. 

"Receplions 119 


Why does it seem that we have had more receptions and parties 
this year than ever before? Is it because being Seniors we were not 
so bashful and so went to more? Is it because this was Leap Year 
and our girls were not slow to make the most of it? Is it because of 
the small attendance at school and our knowing one another so well 
that we came together more often? Or is it because we were a better 
set than usual that the members of our faculty liked to have us around 
them of evenings? Probably it is a combination of all these "becauses." 
At any rate this has been a banner year in the way that we students 
have become interested in one another. And never before have the 
faculty taken as much interest in us or recognized so many of our 
merits as they have this year. 

According to all accepted theories of education we should get the 
most benefit, and even pleasure, from our class-room recitations. To 
us young people the first idea seems doubtful and the last utterly absurd. 
We think of ourselves as we were a few years ago, awkward and ill- 
mannered in motion, backward and ill at ease in company, and then 
of ourselves as we are now, graceful in our bearing, neat in our appearance, 
courteous and amiable in our treatment of others. And then we question 
ourselves: "Are you this because of your having waded thru Dexter 
and Garlick, Myers, Macbeth? Or are you this because of your atten- 
dance at the dances, at the receptions, at the student parties, at the 
different societies?" Nearlj'' all of us find our answer in the latter. 

And who will argue with us that we do not get the most pleasure 
out of our social gatherings? We learn things in the class-room that 
we shall remember as long as we do the Hallowe'en Party, or the Leap 
Year Party, or the President's Reception, but it does not give us the 
pleasure to recall the former as it does the latter. Thirty years from 
now we may be able to remember the principles for which Pestalozzi 
stood, but is it the thought of that which, in those days, shall bring 
a smile to the lip or a sad wistfulness to the eye? 

The faculty seem to have thought upon this subject and have given 
us the benefit of their thoughts. Quite a number of receptions have 
been given by them, some being given by the faculty as a body and 
some by different members of the faculty to their individual classes. 
Some of these receptions have furnised unique entertainment. Pro- 
bably the most unique of all was that given by President Felmley 
to the Juniors. Each guest was furnished with a card, of which the 
following page is a copy — and was requested to answer the queries. 

Since there is to be no second edition of this Index in which we 
can give you the correct answers, we include them here. 



A Study of Trees 


1. What is the double tree, 

2. And the daintiest tree, 

3. And the tree that is nearest the sea? 

4. The stalest tree, 

5. The kissable tree, 

6. And the tree -where ships may be? 

7. What is the traitor's tree. 

8. And the lantfuishing tree, 

9. And the tree -which is -warmest clad? 

10. The chronologist*s tree, 

11. The carpenter's tree, 

12. And the tree -which makes one sad? 

13. The most yieldintf tree, 

14. The strai({htest tree, 

15. And the tree -which -was saved from fire ? 

16. The Egyptian plague tree, 

17. The drinkable tree, 

18. And the tree to -which all aspire? 

19. The schoolmaster's tree, 

20. The school girl's tree, I 

21. And the tree— you carry a pair? 

22. The parental .tree, 

23. The ox-driver's tree,i 

24. And the tree in the^ president's chair? 

I. Pear. a. Spruce. 3. Beach. 4. Chestnut. 5. Tulip. 6. Bay. 7. Judas. 8. Pine. 

9. Fir. 10. Date. 11. Plane. 12. Weeping Willow. ij. Soft Maple. 14. Plum. 15. Ash. 

16. Locust. 17. Coffee. 18. Laurel. 19. Birch. 20. Giun. 21. Palm. 22. Paw-Paw. 23. Haw. 
24. Old Hickory. 


OF m 





The Fall 

of the House of 


Beintf sundry chapters from the 
chronicles of the Seniors 


1. And it came to pass, in the fourth year of the reign of King 
David, that the people were divided. 

2. And there went forth a challenge from the mighty men of the 
tribe of Seniorland to their enemies in the camp of the Blufferites 
(which is, being interpreted. The Juniors), to meet them on the field 
of battle. 

3. Then all the Blufferites met together and they said, Behold, 
now, the Seniors have challenged us to a basket-ball game. 

4. They are a mighty tribe and strong. We dare not go out 
against them for they will surely do us up, and they were sore afraid. 

5. But there was in the camp of the Blufferites a man who was 
mighty in words, and he edited the Daily Blow, and his name was 

6. And Price spake unto his brethren and said, Hear, O ye Bluf- 
ferites; if we do not this thing verily the Sophs will guy us. I, even 
I, say unto you. Let us go out against them. 

7. And the words of Price prevailed; and all the Blufferites did 
shout and did sing praises unto their warriors. 

8. So, on the fourth day of the week, the armies of the two tribes 
issued forth, and there came together all the people of the kingdom, 
and there was a great multitude. 

9. And in those days there were, in the boys' dressing-room, certain 
football suits. 

10. And, lo, about the second hour of the afternoon, members 
of the tribe of Seniorland said among themselves. Let us go and possess 



these football suits for, verily, they will make great dummies, and it 
was done. 

11. And behold, these things were not seemly in the eyes of the 
Blufierites and they said, Rugarasis, which is, being interpreted. Fudge. 

12. And now the two armies came together and the battle waxed 
fierce and there was a great slaughter. 

13. And lo, as the people lifted up their eyes 
they beheld a wondrous sight ; and the Blufferites 
cried out with a loud voice, Hundestager, which is, 
being interpreted, The Dummy; and they did fake 
it and hang it over the railing. 

14. And it came to pass, that about the fifth 
hour of the evening the battle ended and the 
Blufferites were driven back. 

15. And all the Seniors rejoiced exceedingly 
and cried out with loud voices. 

16. But the Blufferites were exceeding wroth 
and said. They think they have done it. But we, even we, are mightier 
than they, for we have the dummy, and they did laugh and yell. 

17. And the Seniors fell upon the Blufferites, and lo, in a jiffy, 
the dummy was destroyed, Selah. 


1. And it came to pass soon after the rising of the sun that the 
king and certain of the captains of the guard made a journey into a 
far country. 

2. And there arose a great leader in the midst of the tribe of Sen- 
iorland and his name was McMurtry. 

3. And McMurtry said unto the people. Behold now it is seemly to 
bury those we have slaughtered; we, even we, will have a funeral at 
the general exercise period; and all the people did say. Amen. 

4. And behold, there was a certain man, who wielded the broom 
and brush, and his heart was warm toward the Seniors, and his name 
was Hunt. 

Literary 125 

5. And McMurtry was wise on this point and he said unto this 
man, Give ear and hearken unto me. Do we not both hate the Bluf- 
ferites? And he said, Yea. 

6. And he said. Give unto me then the key to the critique room, 
that we may there prepare the dummy for the funeral. 

7. And his heart was moved and he gave over the key, even as 
McMurtry suggested, yea, the key to the critique room gave he into 
his hand. 

8. And McMurtry and certain others of the tribe of Seniorland 
Went forth and secured a wooden box, and they bore it to the critique 

9. And they stuffed the dummy and put it in the box; and be- 
hold, all things were now ready. 

10. And there were in the tribe of Seniorland, maidens both loyal 
and brave, who feared not the men of the Bluff erites. 

11. And the Seniors said unto certain of these maidens. Go ye 
into the critique room and guard the dummy; and they went. And 
the names of these two are Alice, daughter of Pollock, and Beth whose 
surname is Page. 


1. And it came to pass about the second hour that the Blufferites 
began to smell a rat, and they said one to another: 

2. Verily these Seniors do think they are wise: but we, even 
we, are foxier than they. And they shook their heads and said, We 
are the people. 

3. And behold, they spent much time in hunting and found nothing, 
and they were much amazed. 

4. Then gave they it up as a bad job and went back unto their work. 

5. But there was in the camp of the Blufferites, one Hellyer, a 
mighty man, and he was smoother than all the other Blufferites. 

6. And Hunt spake unto this man and said. What dost thy people 
to the Blufferites today? 

7. And Hellyer spake thus within himself and said, Lo, this man 
doth think me a Senior. I, even I, am foxy and I will spy this thing 

8. And he spake craftily unto Hunt and said, Sawest thou lately 
Kendall or Newton or others of the mighty men of Seniorland? And 
he answered. Nay. 

9. And he said, Bring me word again when thou seest them, that 
I may go unto them. And he said, Aye. 

10. And Hellyer spake yet once again and said, Knowest thou in 
what room they have put the things? And he said. Yea, verily, for 
behold thy servant hath given them the key to Room 11. 



11. And Hellyer departed quickly and came and told others of 
the tribe of Bluff erites , and they did laugh and praise Hellyer exceedingly. 

12. And they went forth quickly and gathered themselves to- 
gether on the north porch. 

13. And McMurtry saw the multitude and sent a swift-footed 
messenger saying, Run to the physics' room and fetch hither my men. 
And the messenger did as McMurtry commanded, and the Seniors did 
drop their work and skedaddle. 

14. And the Bluff erites were in haste 
and with one accord they did beseech one 
of their number to climb in thru a high 

15. And he was a brave soldier and 
true and he hearkened unto the voice of 
the supplication of his people and climbed 
in and unlocked a window. 

16. And it came to pass, that the 
maidens within the critique room were in 
great distress, and they beat the head of 
the Bluff erite with their hands, yea with 
their doubled up fists belabored they him. 

17. And a great tumult arose and the 
noise was like unto a mighty tempest. 

18. And there appeared in the midst of the people a man, mighty in 
wisdom and he yielded only to the king in power. 

19. And he said unto the people, Such things ought not so to be. 
Behold, now this tumult must be stopped and he did take their names, 
yea, the names of all wrote he down in a little book. 

20. And all the multitude departed and there was a great calm. 


1. But behold now, the Seniors were not disheartened, for they 
were a resourceful people. 

2. And they said one to another. Behold these Bluff erites are a 
boastful people, but we are not yet beaten. The funeral shall yet 
be held. 

3. And now when the even was come, there gathered together 
on the campus, men and women from all the realm of the tribe of Sen- 
iorland, and they were a goodly company. 

4. And behold they found in the castle of Hunt and Bradley 
certain drums and cymbals, and they did bring them forth. 

5. And the Seniors did form in line and they did march, yea, by 
twos and threes went they forward and Steagall did lead the way. 



Literary 12B 

6. And it came to pass after a long journey, that they came unto 
a high mountain, known to the people round about as The Cinder-pile. 

7. And the Seniors ascended this lofty niountain and gathered 
themselves together upon its summit. 

8. And one of the captains of the army of the tribe of Seniorland 
did carry a spade and he digged with it in the summit of the mountain 
and made a deep hole. 

9. And lo, when the service was ended all the people of the tribe 
of Seniorland did sing and the hole was filled up. 

10. And behold, they placed marks at the head and the foot, that 
the Bluff erites might see where the hole had been. 

11. And the Seniors descended from the mountain, and they did 
beat their drums and yell. 

12. And there were round about the mountain certain of the 
members of the tribe of the Blufferites, and they were much distressed, 
and said one to another: 

13. Behold, now, if we are not wary, verily these Seniors will seize 
and duck us in the frog-pond. And they were sore afraid. 

14. And now about the eighth hour of the even, the Seniors gathered 
themselves together at the east steps, and the Blufferites were within. 

15. And the Seniors did sing and yell and did challenge the Bluf- 
ferites to come forth, and they would not, for they were a wary people. 

16. Then the Seniors did laugh and did guy the Blufferites and 
cried out with one accord, We, even we, are the people. 

17. And when they spake thus they departed, each to his own 
home, and the realm of the tribe of Seniorland rejoiced because of the 

18. And on the morrow, when the king and the captains of the 
guard returned, lo, the people dwelt in peace, and there was much 
joy because of these things. 

tSO Indejc 

A Story of True Devotion 

It was a beautiful day in early May of 190 — , and I was leisurely 
sttolUng along the streets of Brainville revolving in my mind schemes 
that were to result in amazement to the entire world. Usually on 
such an afternoon, we are wont to see lads and lassies making their 
way with deliberate slowness and looking into each others eyes to see 
if, perchance, they might find there something of great price. This 
afternoon I felt a little at variance with the world and was somewhat 
puzzled to know what reason to assign for the feeling. At length, 
however, I was duly aroused to the fact that today things were moving 
at an unusual rate, in Brainville. People were rushing wildly to and 
fro, colors were flying, drums were beating and noises of great variety 
were being perpetrated by a troop of small boys. I gazed at the mob 
for a time, and then decided it was to my interest to learn the occasion of 
the disturbance. So I touched a small boy on the shoulder and asked 
him where the circus was. He turned on me his large, pitying eyes, 
and looked me over from head to foot, and then with a condescending 
air, answered, "It's out on the University baseball diamond. The 
Seniors are going to play the Faculty today. " Words can not describe 
the picture that surged before my mind upon hearing this statement. 
In a conglomerate mass these thoughts in disconnected array surged 
before my mind's eye — Seniors — Facult}'' — Baseball. From the debris 
I erected these conclusions: This will be a game worth witnessing, 
because it will be played strictly in accordance with scientific principles. 

I'll go. 

It was not hard to find the scene of action, — I just followed the 
band and the crowd. When I handed out my fifty cents — the usual 
price of admission to a good ball game — the gate-keeper, or the 
man whom I took to be gate-keeper, looked at me askance and I won- 
dered if this were a five dollar game. But no, he politely informed 
me that it was not a pay affair, and I thought that these Brainville 
people surely had a very advanced notion of conditions favorable for 
a baseball game. When I reached the diamond and beheld the line-up 
for the Faculty, I began to wonder what there was in the way of Seniors 
that could compare with this bunch of thoughtfulness. It was dignity 
'lintensified, personified and condensed. I gazed and gazed as if bound 
by a spell, to see the figures some of those Faculty men did cut when 
decked out in their fighting garbs and war paint. 

After a time I singled out the Seniors, huddled together in a little 
group, surrounded by sympathizing friends and classmates. They 
looked as if the Faculty might already have had them "skun." Occa- 
sionally a weak yell for the Seniors arose from the crowd but was imme- 
diately lost in the dense noise that the Faculty, Juniors, and some 
Sophomores and Freshmen put forth. Without knowing why, I seemed 
to lose respect for those Senior players. It may have been that the 
sight of those Seniors, clothed in heavy sweaters, overcoats, etc., as 
compared with the aspect presented by the Faculty players had some- 
thing to do with my attitude in the affair. 

Literary I3i 

In a short time the players began to take their places on the diamond 
and in the field. The Faculty were at the bat. The little Senior in 
the pitcher's box took a casual survey of the whole field, then gave 
the umpire a sly wink and stood awaiting the pleasure of the batter. 
I couldn't imagine what was about to happen, but the strain was soon 
removed. The first ball that the little man twirled, went with the 
speed of two-edged thunder and with a curve that circled around the 
batter's neck several times and which finally landed the ball in the 
catcher's hands. The batter — a rather important though picturesque 
appearing individual — was too much amazed to do anything but follow 
the curve of that ball. Evidently he suspected the Seniors. But he 
shook himself, collected his wits and raised his hat with an expression 
of "do or die" on his face. Another ball of about the same character 
met him almost face to face. He landed a terrific blow — on the air. 
He looked at his hat and decided there were no holes in it and he cheered 
up a little. He heard the umpire sing out "Strike, one," and made 
ready for another attack. "Strike, two," a little later "Strike, three. 
Batter out. Next man up." As the batter retired I heard him mutter 
something about the "marginal utility" of that curve and a few re- 
marks in German that I didn't exactly catch. The second batter 
fared no better and the third man knocked a fly to the pitcher. 

The Seniors trooped in from the field and almost solemnly resumed 
their blankets. The first batter up stood trembling as the Faculty 
pitcher with a nonchalant air raised his right arm and his left leg pre- 
paratory to the throw. The ball parted the air about two feet above 
the batter's head. "Ball, one." The pitcher turned to the umpire 
with ' ' That was right over the plate. ' ' The umpire laughed good naturedly 
and explained to him. The next ball went over the plate, just escaping 
the ground by about two inches. " Ball, two." Evidently the umpire 
was against them. "Ball three" as it went two feet to the left of 
the batter. "Ball four, " and this time the two feet was in the other 
direction. "Take your base." And thus it went, throughout the 
second half of the first inning. The Seniors ran in 17 rims. In the 
second inning the condition of affairs was much the same. By the 
end of the 5th inning it was evident that the score-keeper had lost 
count, but he decided to lump it off at 57 to — . Long before the game 
should have ended the Faculty players showed signs of exhaustion, 
both physical and mental, and had to be ingloriously carried off the 
field. The Seniors bore them tenderly to a shady spot and after rubbing 
and fanning and petting them for a considerable time, decided that 
they were in respectable condition to meet their wives and land-ladies. 

I have since heard, that not a member of the school has ever dared 
to mention Senior, or baseball either, in the presence of a membe rof 
the Faculty. 

To my notion, it was a beautiful game in many respects. Never 
before nor since have I beheld such devotion as those Seniors gave to 
their beloved teachers and I'm truly glad I saw it. 

Editor's Note: Because the faculty would persist in putting off the game, 
and because the Index would not be complete without the report, we published 
this as the most authentic account obtainable. We regret that time has not 
permitted verification by the score-keeper. 



The Day Everybody Laughed 
at General Excercises 

IT wasn't the day Ex-president Cook's unexpected call caused 
such a transformation on President Felmley's face and postponed 
the. report of the DeKalb delegation. That day a few of us smiled. 

Nor was it the day the Eureka basket-ball boys were occupying 
the platform when Miss Cummings came in, started to take her regular 
place, saw the usurpers, stopped, turned, and "ducking" her head 
to suppress a titter that she felt coming, walked to the back of the 
room hunting a seat. That day we all smiled. 

It wasn't the day President Felmley undertook to translate the 
song, Lauriger Horatio, got "stuck" on the third line of the second 
stanza, called on Professor Manchester to translate, who said, "Now, 
Mr. Felmley, I think it would do you good to dig that out!" To the 
Latin students the words had a familiar sound and they smiled aloud. 

Neither was it the day when the President of the Wrightonian 
Society announced that the society would hold its regular meeting 
Saturday night at ten thirty. That day we giggled. 

It did look odd to . - __ 

see one end of Mr. " ti i^ ^ "^^""^W" 
Manchester's mus- 
tache turned up and 
the other down, when 
he got up to continue 
his exposition of the 
Russio-Japanese war. 
But we didn't all 
laugh, for just the day 
before, Mr. Manches- 
ter had spoken rather 
sharply to one or two 
who seemed to be 
missing the trend of 
thought. The Caesar 
class couldn't help 
Jaughing when they 
remembered how Mr. 
Manchester had dis- 
tinguished the bar- 
barian from Caesar in 
the picture by the 
whiskers on the bar- 
barian's face. 

Nor was it the 
time Miss Cummings 
announced that she 

wished to see Miss and Mr. Boslough at the close of the exercises, 

and Miss Colby followed with an announcement that she, too, wished 
to see Mr. Boslough, whereupon Miss Cummings made the amend- 



ment, "I'll take Mr. Edmunds, then." That day we giggled again. 
It couldn't have been the day in February when Governor and 
Mrs. Yates and Mr. Chipperfield honored us with a visit, and after meet- 
ing personally every member of the normal, grammar and intermediate 
departments, shook hands with all the primary youngsters, calling 
them Toddlekins, Tootsy- Wootsey and other pet names, for only a 
few heard the names, and anyway it would not do to laugh at the 

Perhaps it was the day the Seniors, after their basket-ball victory 
planned a funeral service over the Junior dummy, a service in which 
the "reverend" I. B. McMurtry was to deliver the funeral sermon, a 
quartet was to sing a dirge, and the class was to follow the bier into 
the Assembly Room as mourners, a service interfered with by our 
worthy Vice-President, who, though we could see by the twinkle in 
his eye that he really thought it was not such bad fun, felt that he 

134 Indejc 

was responsible to the absent President for our conduct? No, that 
day was too full of excitement to both Juniors and Seniors to laugh, 
and the rest of the school did not know what was going on. 

Possibly it was the day President Felmley gave us a lecture on 
our abuse of the dictionary, brought one of the dictionaries from the 
ledge to illustrate how we should turn the leaves, accidentally entangled 
the file, tore a leaf half off and was only saved from tearing it com- 
pletely out by Mr. Cavins's timely assistance? No, that was so early 
in the year that the new students had not yet learned that they dare 
laugh at the President. 

Maybe it was the third time the Editor of the Vidette got up and 
began an announcement with "The next number will contain, etc.," 
evidently thinking that of course everybody must know that it was the 
Vidette he was talking about, — what else could he be expected to 
talk about? No, there were some in the back of the room who were 
not paying attention that day. 

Was it, then, the day the Seniors were practicing The Foresters 
when Harry Burgess, as Tuck, answered Robin Hood's question, " Have 
they no leader?" with the following? 

"Each man for his own. 
Be thou their leader and they will all of them 
Swarm to thy voice like bees to a brassband (pan)." 5' 

No, everybody who heard it laughed, but it was not at General 
Exercises so we did not all hear it. 

No, the day everybody laughed at General Exercises was no other 
-than the day on which Miss Lyons and Professor Manchester adver- 
tised the show. And it came about in this way : Last year the Juniors | 
gave for their class night exercises a circus, which was so successful '!•. 
that the enterprising Oshkosh Normal committee of this year undertook ),j 
to repeat the performance. The arrangements were made as secretly ;; 
as possible, and about a week before the event, a mysterious notice ii 
appeared in the bulletin board. K 

"Coming again! Watch for it." Later the bill on the following 
page was posted in all conspicuous places. 

Having read this bill, everyone was ready to listen in General Exer- 
cises, when Mr. Boslough as chairman of the committee on debate 
introduced Miss Lyons, the advance agent of the I. S. N. U. Circus 
Co. Her speech follows: 

"Faculty and students of the Illinois State University: — It is with 
a feeling of peculiar pleasure that I look upon your bright and happy 
faces this morning. An opportunity to address such a body comes 
but seldom in a lifetime to one of my profession, an old profession, 
truly, dating back even to the flood. You may remember that Noah 
kept a very respectable menagerie afloat when all other business 
firms were forced into liquidation. 

Ltilerary 135 

"I had the pleasure one year ago of appearing before you and since 
that time have been constantly busy reaching out with my professional 
tentacles into all the obscure comers of the world to lay hold of any 
new discovery in the animal or vegetable world. This year we have 
been unusually favored in this line. If you have noticed our bulletins 
in the lower hall you will have heard of our recent discovery, which 
has already put scientific men all over the Christian world into a ferment 
of enthusiasm. Seriously, ladies and gentlemen, I believe that my 
future reputation as a showman will largely depend on my securing 
this animal. 

"While engaged in this I received the offer from your local agent 
to appear here a second time. The decision was a weighty one to make. 
Chicago was grumbling at my early departure and I could tell by letters 
from the Hon. David R. Francis that he was growing more and more 
anxious to see us installed in the palatial quarters prepared for the 
World's Greatest Hippodrome and Moral Show. One consideration 
helped to decide the question. I learned that I could secure here the 
services of a noted costumer, one who combined the refinement and 
culture of the east with the originality and daring of the west. 

"I had decided last spring from a cursory observation that one 
abiding characteristic of the Normal student was his desire to carry 
home from every entertainment something of value upon which he 
could meditate in the recesses of his own apartments, I asked myself: 
'As an honest showman, have I a right to encroach upon the time 
of such serious-minded individuals?' Then the panorama of the great 
aggregation of wonders segregated under my main tent swam before 
my eyes and answered 'Yes. ' 

"I thought, 'Let the people down at St. Louis amuse themselves 
a little while longer with the electrical display and the art galleries, 
we will go to Normal.' 

"But, ladies and gentlemen, the question remains, 'Have I any- 
thing of value for you as thoughtful students of human life ? ' I believe 
that I can convince you that I have in a very few minutes. 

"Are you interested in psychology, the study of the mind? If so 
you know that one branch of that subject has received ever increasing 
attention of late. For the study of this branch the World's Greatest 
Hippodrome and Moral Show offers you unparalleled opportunities. 
I allude, ladies and gentleman, to the branch of animal psychology. 

"Moreover if you come to this performance in the right altitude 
and with the proper apperceptive mass dominant you will be able to 
attain the acme of the teacher's striving (the raison d' etre of his exis. 
tence). You will be able to correlate. Bring an arithmetic class with 
you and as the procession winds its glittering, sinuous length before you 
dozens of problems searching in their grasp upon the real nature of 
correlation will present themselves to your fertile brain. I need in- 

C O Aa I N G ! 


World's Greatest 




New Feattures Added. Better, Greetter 
QLnd Gra.nder thek.i\ Before. 


Troops of Wild Horses, Herds of Massive Elephants and High Stepping 
Giraffes. Bands of bare-back riders, acrobats and tight rope performers. 


in the midst of huge, coiling snakes. 

side: shova/! 

Nonbitium>Howliloudium, the only species of the kind living. The 
Skinium Bonibus and dozens of curiosities never seen here before. 

Stay for tHe Concert 

immediately after the Big Show. Fine singing and graceful marching. 
Hear the jokes by the clowns. 


Sousa 's Band gives one number only. Positively first and last appearance. Led 
by John Philip Sousa. Arthur Prior, the world's famous trombone soloist, will render 
a selection accompanied by the band. 




May 15 

Admission - 25 Cents 

To et.II events. PerformaLivce begins a.t 8 p. m. 
Doors open at 7:30. 




, ! 


Literary i39 

stance but the following: 'If the legs of the elephant be substracted 
from the legs of the giraffe, the legs of what animal will remain?' 

" In such a serious situation, my friends, it is well to cast an eye to 
the front. 

"Next year, each of you will be the Ferris Wheel of education in his 
own particular district. When the infants under your guidance uplift 
wistful faces to you for their daily dose of mental fabulum, can you, 
I appeal to you in the name of your profession, can you, say to them, 
'I could but I did not see the Nonbitium-Howliloudium.' Never, 
perish the thought! Remember that twenty-five cents, the paltry sum 
of twenty-five cents, admits you to each and everyone of these events." 

When she had finished and we thought we could not laugh again 
for a week, Professor Manchester was introduced and we changed our 
minds, for when Professor Manchester rises to speak at General Ex- 
ercises we expect to laugh. 

He grew eloquent in praise of the I. S. N. U. Circus Company; told 
us we could not afford to miss the event, that the circus would at least 
serve the same purpose as tight boots, make us forget all our other 
troubles, and closed by saying that there have been two funny things 
in Normal in his thirteen years of connection with the school, one the 
burlesque on the faculty given by the Seniors of '02 the other the I. S. N. 
U. circus given by the Juniors of '03 ; that of these two the burlesque 
was not altogether innocent in its fun, while the circus was entirely so. 
One of the heights of his eloquence was reached with the words, "I did 
not at first believe in the statements of these blazing posters. Why, 
I even thought the Nonbitium-Howliloudium was a fake! I thought 
it must be the Senior baseball boys!" 

Now laugh, class of 1904! 

I4-0 Indejc 

Some Statements from the I. S. N. U. 
Circus Troops 

Halifax, Nova Scotia, May 20, 1904. 
Index Editors, Normal, 111. , 
Dear Sirs: — 

In reply to your letter of inquiry concerning the management of 
a circus company for the benefit of later Normalites who might wish 
to organize a Junior Circus Co. will say that there is no need of all coming 
to practice at the same time. The fact that some go strolling with their 
sweethhearts doesn't need to delay the practice. Go ahead without 
any one. Neither is there any need of all the costvmies being ready 
before the parade. If the animals and clowns are not fed anything 
for two weeks before the performance, they will go thru their stunts all 
the better. There is no need of having perfect silence during the rehear- 
sal. The ringmaster and conductor can work just as well in a tumult 
of noise. 

In conclusion, would advise any future manager not to worry, as 
everything will come out all right in the end. 
Roy C. Boslough, 

Mgr. of I. S. N. U. Circus Co. of 1904. 

Ho'w to Charm the Deadly Cobra 

First of all the reptiles must not be too well fed. One dose of straw 
a week is sufficient. You must then be able to look the snake in "the 
ear" with a keen, honest gaze. In order to make the snakes appear fe- 
rocious, two long I. S. N. U. hat pins are convenient. Careful handling 
and semi-bright lights are all that is needed, in addition, to make snake- 
charming a success. 

Mademoiselle Albruzzi. 

Ho"w to Train an Elephant 

Tame the animal by pulling the trunk and tail and placing the 

lears in position. Then teach him to love his leader by pokes in 

the ribs and a few gentle squeezes of the tnink. Mix with this a 

goodly number of caresses and the animal will do anything desired. 


Young man, go into the circus business. Be a clown, if you are 
not one now. The forty years I have spent in the business justifies me in 
making this assertion. There is no money in it But, young man, 
money is not all. There is more to be derived from this life than money. 
The office of clown offers these advantages. Some people look down 
on the calling. What is wanted is good solemn serious young men 
to take up this work and make a reputation for it. 

King Dodo of the I. S. N. U. Circus Co. 




Out for a pleasant walk, 

Out for a pleasant dream, 
O ! how grand and enchanting, 

Seems our village stream. 

'Twas just at the set of sun, 
'Twas just as the day was done. 

That Jimmy and Betsy were saying, 
"Hasn't the brook a musical hum?" 

Then they pause upon the bridge 
And watch the shadows lengthen. 

And Jimmy leans far over 
And sees his own reflection. 

Alas! Alas! but knew not he 
The bridge's rail was rotten. 

It gave away, and Jimmy 

Went splashing to the bottom. 

L. M. S. 



The Evolution of the Class Cap. 

^ou'rt li 




Where Our Business Management 
Learned his Trade 

Of whom do you think this a picture is, 
And what do you think can be his biz 
In a region so hot your flesh would sizz? 

Now this is "Mc " and he's hard at work 
SelUng Topical Bibles to Satan, the Turk, 
For even business in hell Mr. "Mc" wouldn't shirk. 

The story does go that Satan did try 

To bum up "Mc" in the " Student Fry," 

But that "Mc" did stay him with a business eye; 

That such was the nimbleness of sly "Mc's" tongue, 
And so sweetly the praises of the book were sung. 
The Bible was sold and a purse unstrung. 

This marvelous man to Seniorland came, 
Became Index man because of his fame. 
And now he sells Indexes — just the same. 

>" • 

ffetasy J^oies _from /formal 


Newsy Notes \^ Normal 

Bloomington's Intellectual Suburb 




Yesterday afternoon in the gymna- 
sium was played a game of basket- 
ball to decide the championship of cen- 
tral Illinois. The I. S. N. U. boys 
had heard that the Senior Y. M. C. A. 
of Bloomington had claimed this place. 
Believing that they could beat any- 
thing in the state outside of Chicago 
the pedagogues challenged the Y. M. C. 
A. to a game to be played in the Normal 
gym. The Y. M. C. A. team, made 
confident by a clean record of games 
won, accepted the challenge. Hence 
the game yesterday. It was too one- 
sided to be interesting. The Y. M. C. A. 
boys were clearly outclassed. From 
the toss-up of the ball the result was 
forseen. The visitors, however, were 
plucky and did not allow the large 
score rolled up against them to inter- 
fere with the game. During the last 
few minutes the game was very fast. 
Cries of "Make itahundred," "Only 
seven more now," and "Hurry fellows, 
get five more" so excited both teams 
that they worked very hard. When 
time was called it was seen that the 
score stood 97 to 8 in Normal's favor. 
The team was very much disappointed 
in not having scored a hundred against 
the team which had claimed the cham- 
pionship of Illinois. If there is one 
thing the University boys can do 
besides teach school it is play basket- 

Bov/ling Tournament 

In the gymnasium this afternoon a 
bowling tournament will be held. An 
admission fee of ten cents will be 
charged, the proceeds going to buy a 
new set of pins. The present set have 
become somewhat the worse for wear 

and are not perfectly flat on their bases. 
Mr. Bawden and Mr. Stewart have 
challenged all comers, the only restric- 
tion being that the candidate for ad- 
mission to the tournament has made 
a score of 190. Everybody should 
turn out and not let two or three be the 
only spectators. We can assure you 
that everything will be conducted on a 
fair basis, as Mr. Robert Price, the 
editor of the Daily Blow, has been 
chosen score-keeper. 


Much work is being done at the 
present to beautify the campus. Mr. 
Bruno Nehrling of St. Louis has been 
engaged to take care of the campus 
and the school garden. Under his 
efficient direction many trees, shrubs, 
and vines are being planted. Especial 
care is taken to provide flowering 
shrubs and fruit trees. 

This year Normal has been visited 
with many contagious diseases. We 
have survived the small pox, measles, 
and mumps, only to be prostrated with 
the spring fever. The new disease has 
spread rapidly. It is impossible to 
care for everyone in houses. The 
ground under the trees on the campus 
has been utilized for cots, and patients 
in all stages of the disease may be seen 
stretched upon the grass. Messrs. Fred 
Telford, Abe Newton, Harry Burgess, 
Edward Criss, and Misses McGuire, 
Myers, Tuthill, Clark, Perry, Rickart, 
Dimmitt, and Jackson, are among those 
stricken with spring fever today. 



The Music Professor was, heard to remark in a class one day that 
he would eat the popular music piece which did not have a melodic 
figure at the finish. After making this rash statement, after the 
fashion of one who talks thru his hat, he held his chin in the air as if 
he had scored a hit. Some day the Professor may have to pull in his 
horns, for no matter how large the pane of glass, it can be broken with 
the hammer. 

The Seniors are insulted and justly so, for in the directions as to 
theme writing they were not limited as to length but instructed to 
"let their own goose sense place the limit." 

Mr. Kendall, at General Ex: — "I have kindly asked Mr. McMurtry 
to add a few remarks as to why you should hear Mr. Roberson." 

Mr. Manchester: — "Don't remember Adam Smith? That's an 
->easy name to remember. Adam was the first man and Smith is every- 



L ^' 

■ .SI'S: ,^ 


jyou're It 14-9 

Books of the Year 

I. S. N. U. has been the center of the Uterary world during the past 
year. Congratulations for her success have been received from all 
the foreign governments. There is no doubt but that, in future ages, 
this year will stand out as the climax of the second Shaksperian period. 
We beg to sum up our literarj^ success that you may see its true scope 
and its probable influence upon all future education. 

In her Ways and Means Whereby Girls May Take Advantage of Leap 
Year Elizabeth Page has filled a long felt want. Before the appear- 
ance of this book literary matter upon this subject was very meager 
and of no real value. It can safely be said that this book has upset 
existing social theories. It is written in a style that will insure it a 
place among the classics. The illustrations are excellent, being taken 
from life. As I was captured for the Leap Year Party by one of the 
devices described, I can vouch for their working if faithfully and 
persistently tried. 

The following statement is made by an honest, reliable critic: 
"Before reading this book I always had to go to parties and recep- 
tions alone or with my girl friends. The fact that I have since strung 
the unmarried man of the faculty to my elbow has convinced me of 
the value the book will be to all young girls." Lornida Perry. 

Fifteenth Edition $2.00 Substantially Bound. 

Dome Climbing Amid Difficulties 

By Abe M. Newton. 
This is an attractive descriptive sketch of the difficulties attend- 
ing the capture of the belfry of the I. S. N. U. during the Flag Contest 
last December. The preface was written by Harry Burgess. 
Printed in pamphet form with notes 25c. 
Riverside Series 15c. Rolfe Edition 30c. 

How I Would Conduct a Paper 

By Herbert Coons. 
Mr. Coons has told in a terse manner his ideas concerning the make- 
up of a publication. We bespeak for Mr. Coons a high place in the 
ranks of journalists. These are not mere visionary schemes but practi- 
cal suggestions. 

The Kerrick Ruralist 

Now in its second hundred. Price, paper, 25 cents. 
Have you read Mr. Robert Price's historical novel Bowling for the 
World's Record. If not get it at once. You won't lose any money 
on your purchase. Mr. Price tells in Diamond Dick style, yet truth- 
fully, all the details of his training days in preparation for the game 
in which he smashed the world's record by knocking down 87 pins. 
His flow of language is as constant as would be the roll of the ball were 
there no end to the alley. Price, $1.25. 

All Books may be had at the Above Prices Postpaid. 


These 'works are protected by copyritfht. 



The Vidette became the proud possessor of a box for "items," 
and the editor announced the fact to the assembled school. In his 
remarks he was careful to say and repeat that he was the "only one 
who could get into the box." 

Josephine (soliloquizing): — "How in the world did that dress come 
to forty-two dollars and sixty-nine cents? Let me see. This yoke 
cost nine seventy-five, that lace, six-sixty, the binding (I had to have 
the best) was four- twenty-five, the material — dear me! The next 
time I buy a dress, it won't be a piece at a time." 

Member of Faculty: — "Miss Pollock, how did the Christian religion 
come to those outside the Jews? Can you name some of the men?" 
Miss Pollock: — "Paul, John, and I think Moses." 

In the Civics Class: — "Miss B — , name some of the powers denied 
to the states." Miss B: — "No state shall have power to coin money 
from anything but metal." 

We Wonder — 

Why Ruffer took a card from his own seat when he was taking 
-, the roll. 

^ What a student says when he is expecting a warship from home 
and receives a row-boat. 

How many good jokes we have missed this year. 









1 — 1 





t— * 

f^^ w- 


?-a " 



3-1 >- Jl 

« o t 


° el 



3' 51 




°-x^ '^ 


1= 1 

<-0(=) -2 

R i 










Scene: General Exercises, January 20. It is raining outside. The 
assembly room is very dark and gloomy. 

Mr. Felmley: — "I had the choice of reading to you, talking to you, 
or letting you sing this morning. I think if we sing a few old, familiar, 
inspiring songs that we shall be cheered up somewhat. Mr. West- 
hoff, you can have the whole period today." 

Students applaud loudly and thankfully . 

Mr. Ruffer {in geometry class): — "Things equal to the same thing 
are equal to each other." 

angle 3 — angle i 

angle 3 — angle 2 

.". angle 3 — angle 3 

This was handed in too late to be placed in the third faculty group. 
Nevertheless it belongs there. Guess away. 

you're It 153 

You're It 

fieard after the Senior-Faculty Baseball Game 

" One little, two little, three little teachers, 
Four little, five little, six little teachers, 
Seven little, eight little, nine little teachers, 
*Ten little faculty boys." 

Things for Which Some of Our Students Stand 

George Klemme Dry Goods 

Billy Eaton "After meal" Restaurant Man 

Rose Meyers.-., ..General History 

Perry Hellyer The Abode of Satan 

Olive Hunting $ioo Principalship 

Nelle Rice... Wedding Bells 

Daisy Skinner Billy Eaton's Opposite 

Gertrude Swain ...Southern Illinois Farmer Boy 

Elizabeth Page North Dakota Leaf 

Elmer Greenwich o Longtiude 

George W. Solomon Wo Wives 

Grubb Fishing Worm 

Bertha Short Our Index Account 

Vernon Bever Water Animal much Prized for Fur 

Mae Steele ....Trusts 

Enola Bowman Indian 

Clarence Baker .Schneider 

Kathryn Hart ....A Lost Article 

Essie Seed Garden Planting 

Harry Paine The Toothache 

Kathryn Wright... A Perfect Answer 

Bert Wise .. ..We Seniors 

♦The author must have included Carter Harris, rooter. 



Mr. Felmley: — "The boy finds his ideal in his father." 

Miss L P : — "But, Mr. Felmley, at six my two brothers 

wanted to be butchers." 

Mr. Felmley: — "Your father is a practising surgeon, is he not?" 

Mr. McMurtry, desiring some information calls ' Mr. Ste-gall'." 

Mr. S : — "That's my name, but not quite so much bitterness, 


Herbert Coons in supporting the affirmative of the arbitration 
question compares the laborer and the capitalist to two hogs. Be- 
coming roused he exclaims excitedly: — "Will Uncle Sam yoke 
his two hogs and drive them safe to glory?" 

Mr. Felmley: — "Yes, the rainbow. And which color is on the 
outside of the rainbow?" 

Mr. Laughlin: — "Orange — no — let's see — V-I-B-G-Y-O-R — It's red 
the outside and violet on the inside — no it may be just the other way. 
Really I don't believe I know which it is." 

Mr. Felmley: — "You don't know whether the head of the cat is 
on the front or the rear?" 


Student {reporting how to play a game in gymnastics): — "Divide 
the pupils into tA^o equal parts." 


; M 







Summer Session 1904 

T-wo terms of six ^veeks each, June 6th 
to July 15th; July 18th to August 26th. 

Besides the regular pedagogical and pro- 
fessional courses covering all studies of 
the grammar school and high school cur- 
riculum, there Avill be given courses in 


The primary grades of the training 
department 'will be in session. 

Tuition free to teachers of Illinois. 



For circulars of information address 




'S8 Indeje 

Mcknight & McKnight 

Booksellers and Stationers 


School Books, New and Second Hand, and all Supplies 
Used by Teachers. 





Gems' Turnisbers 


Southeast Corner Front and Center Streets 






Great Reduiction Sale 

Ladies' and Misses' Tailored Suits, also many bargains in 

Dress and Walking Skirts. Fine Millinery, 

Gloves, Hosiery 

We carry the Largest Stock of Silks, Dress Goods and Wash Goods 


North Side Square - - - BLOOMINGTON 

The neatest and best work is done at the WHITE BARBER SHOP 
opposite the postoffice 

DAVIDSON & DODSON, Proprietors 


No Waiting— Three Chairs 


Dry Goods, Millinery, Ladies' and Men's Furnishing Goods 


'■'■The World's Grandest Jewelry Establishment." 
'■'■Lowest Priced House in America for Fine Goods." 

Those whose interest lies in that quality of ex- 
clusiveness which conies only from the most inti- 
mate knowledge of modes, material, making and 
from unfailing good taste in the selection, will 
find our collection most satisfactory. ,^* j* j» j» 

Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, Cut 
Glass, Fine China, Art Wares, Leather 
Goods, Umbrellas and Fine Stationery. 













Broadway and 



Locust - - - St. Louis 

leO Indejc 



We hope by courteous tTeatmeot 
to get your trade in 

Staple and Fancy Groceries 




Phone 3 on 559 NORMAL, ILLINOIS 


George Champion 


Stockholders in the famous Montello, \7isconsin, Quarries 

227-229-231 East Front Street 
AU Work Wananted as Represented BLOOMINQTON, ILL 


Will treat you right 
in the line of 

Staple^ etndi F'ancy Groceries 

J. p. Jung, Pres. C. A. Kleinau, Vice-Pres. A. E. Maxwell, Sec, and Treas. 

Higgins-Jung-Kleinau Co. 




^ d-Oertuem ents 


C* U* Williams 


Rates to Students 

South Side Square 




None Better Made 


for Men, 30 Styles, t'^ qfj 
All One Price, ^JJ^ 


313 North Main Street 




Fine Tailoring 

a Specialty 

Big Line 

of spring Ties 


Slazier jCj/ceum bureau 


Easy to sell our talent. Several agents wanted 
on salary or commission. 

96 ^ifth J^uenue %^ Chica^^o, Sll, 

Ad'Oertisementj 163 


Normal Agency 
at Coen^s Store 

Telephone 218 610-6 J 2-614 North Main Street 



Coal and Hardw/ar© 

STUDENT TRADE SOLICITED Phones: New, 2 on 574; Old, Union J32I 


Southeast Corner of North and Broadway 

DrugSy F*orfiames, Xollet Articles' 



JA/VIES H. \A/ILLIAA^S . . . J&\JSJ&\&r 


First Class Work Prices Right Fine Candies 




#gE" Chase S, Sanborn Coffee 

AND Wingold Flo\ir-"Best on Earth" 


164- Indejc 



y PHone 579 \H NORTH STREET ^ f 


Souvenir Novelties, Catering Supplies, Q 





Senator Dunlap, Savoy, 111., President American Apple 
Growers' Association, says: 

"I have recently seen the orchard of Sudduth Pear 
trees at Normal and must say that 1 am surprised at the 
uniformity and symmetry of growth of all the trees in 
the orchard. They are without sign of blight and are 
full of fruit buds. 

"You may send me fifty trees to Flora, Illinois, in the 
early spring to set along the roadside. 

"Yours very truly, 

"H. M. Dunlap." 

„ The trees bear yoong, annually and abundantly; never known to 
[] blight. History and price list free. M 












Of the I. S. N. U. has contracted its 

SpafFord tr^ Cable Studio 

We will give EVERY STUDENT 
of the I. S. N. U. the benefit of 
our special lo>v prices for the 

Qur remodeled and modern 
equipped studio offers facili- 
ties surpassed by no other in 
this state and all w^ork is 
promptly finished :: ;: :: :: 

Visitors are especially invited 
to call and inspect our exhibit 
of up - to - date Photography 

402 N. Main St., Bloomington, Illinois 




For CaLndies, 

Hot and Cold 



Ice CreaLm 



Catrs Stop " 



PfiANG Three Color Box, No. 1, with two quill brushes. 

Prang " " " " " without brushes. 

Phang " " '• " 3, with No. 7 brush only. 

Prang Six Color Box, No. 5, with No. 7 brush only. 

Peang Water Color Crayons. 

Prang Color Study Pencils. 

Peang Sketching Pencil. 

Peang School Pencils, S, M, S M, H. 

Crayon Holders. 

Tinted Drawing Paper. 

Manila Drawing Paper. 

Water Color Paper. 

Coated Spectrum Papers, Etc., Etc. 

Send for circulars containing information relative to 
tliese materials. Look for announcement of 


Illustrated in color as well as in black and white, now 
in process of preparation 

The Prang Educational Company 


378 Wabash Avenue 


Not only the best iT\ at the price, but the best 
mcLde regardless of the price 

ALL STYLES. $3»50 

J. C. Phillips's Shoe Store . . 317 N. Ma^in St. 


A d-Vertisem entj 







Take Elevator 










wants your business 
and will treat you right 

Yours for correct tailoring 


Eddy Building, 425 North Main Street 








Dr. J. W. Kasbeer 




515-516 Griesheim Building 

Room 406 Com Belt Bank Btiilding 




"P r i c e >s 

110 Main 
^ 1 r • e 1 


^eib^l Hats, 





New 'Phone, 934 

208 Unity Building 

New 'Phone 599 

Consultation Free 

A. J. Fitzgerrell 


Office and Residence, 209 North School St. 

Office Hours: 9 to 12 A. M., 3 to 5 P. M. 

Adt>erlUements IS9 

The Largest and Best Equipped Laundry in Central Illinois 

Purified Water Used Excltisively 



210, 212, 214 EAST MARKET ST. 

PHOmSS: Old, Uain 69; Hew, 362 formal Agency at McKnight's 

Buy Your Gymnafium Shoes from 




Boots, Shoes, Rubbers, Hats, Furnishings, 
Trunks, Telescopes, and Umbrellas 


Lf\A/\M & CO., Tf\ILORS, OP OHiOftOO 

17 O 

A d'Oeriisetn enis 






The University Includes the : 

College of Literature and Arts (Ancient and Modern Languages and 
Literatures, Philosophical Science Groups of Studies, Economics, Com- 
merce and Industry). 

College of Engineering (Architecture, Civil Engineering, Municipal and 
Sanitary Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, 
Railway Engineering). 

College of Science (Astronomy, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Physics, 
Mathematics, Physiology, Zoology). 

College of Agriculture (Animal Husbandry, Agronomy, Dairy Hus- 
bandry, Horticulture, Household Science). 

College of LaLV\r (Three years' course). 

College of Medicine (College of Physicians and Surgeons, Chicago). 

College of Dentistry (Chicago College of Dental Surgery, Chicago). 

ScKools — Music (Voice, Piano, Violin), LibrSLry Science, PhaLr- 
n\ (Chicago), and the Gra.dviaLte ScKool. 

A Svimmer Session of nine weeks, [June 13 to August 12, 1904. 
For catalogs and information, address 

W. L. PILLSBURY. Registratr 

Vrbanak, Illinois 




Oncorporaied Under the Laws of lllittois) 


501 -SU North Main Street 




Frederick Earl Hobart 

Palma Moratz 

Ethel Mae Harris 

Rudolph Wielatz 


Mabel Claire Jones 

Justin LeRoy Harris 

Jeannette Maccormac Smith 


Grace Courtney Jenkins 


Rudolph Wielatz 

Frederick Earl Hobart 

Special Course for Students Who Would Like to Teach Music Privately or in 
Regular School Work 



Adt)erlhement^ 171 

The James F. McCullough Teachers' Agency 


Mr. McCullough gives his persona.! SlI- 
tention to finding desirable positions for 
Normal-trained teachers. Write him for 
pa>.rticulaLrs ^V'^V^^V'VV' 

Fine Arts Building. 203 Michigeitn BoxilevaLrd CHICAGO 


If you want 


102 North Street Orders Solicited for Parties 

Wilcox Brothers Dry Goods Company 


Are now ready with a lartfe stock of 

Silks, Dress Goods, Hosiery 
Under-wear and Notions 

Their Ready-to-'wear Suits and Millinery Have No 
Superior in This Market 




OTTO J. EYLES, Manager 
PIANOS RENTED North Side Sqtjare, Bloomington 


Clothing, Gents' Furnishings 
and Shoes 

Students are oflfered a discount 
of ten per cehnt on Clothintf 




George H. Coen 

Nevr and Second HoLnd 


A l«Lrge assortment of WaLtermai.n's Fountain Pens 

Pure» Fresh Dr\igs etnd Toilet Articles 

Prescriptions A SpeciSLlty 

Corner of North and Broadway, Normal 





of our remarks is Meat, and it is meet that you should have good food to eat. 
Oh, what a 


our beef makes I Talk about your tonics and doctors' prescriptions, they are 
nowhere compared with our fine Lamb, Beef, Veal, etc. 

Then housewives say they don't see how we can make a living at our cutaway 
prices. But we do. 

o. s e: I B e: R T 





t^ CO. 


407- 429 








Official Jewelers of the Leading Colleges, Schools 
and Associations 

Class Pins, Fraternity Pins, Medals, Cups, Etc. 

Watches :: Diamonds 

103-109 Randolph St. 



Bloomiivgton's Greatest 
BcLfgaLin Center 

The Most and Best Goods for the Least Money 






Shoald own the New and finlarged Edition of &e 
International. It is the unirersal favorite 
in the home and school. It has been selected 
in every instance where State purchases hare 
been made for the supply of scnools. It has 
been warmly commended oy all the State Superin- 
tendents of Schools now in office, by nearly all the 
College ProsidentB, City and Connty Superintend- 
ents, the Principals of Normal Schools^ and a host 
of teachers. The New Edition contains 

25,000 NEW WORDS. Etc. 
New Gazetteer of the World 

with DTer £5,000 entries based on the latest census. 
New Biographical Dictionary 

firiB^ brief facts abont 10,000 noted persons. 

J, Edited by W. T. HAEEIS, Ph.D., LL.D., 

« United States Commissioner of Edacation. 

New Plates. 2380 Qnarto Pages. 6000 IlliiBtrationB. 

«r<»«*-" -■>«• We also pnblish 

TWebster's Collegiate Dictionary 

^'^vith Glossary of Scottish Words and Phrases. 
^ T UOO Pages. UOO ninstrationg. Size 7x10x2 6-8 in. 

FREE— "A Test in Pronunciation" 

IQastrated pamphlets also free. 

G. £i C. ME,RRIAM CO.. 

Publishers, Springfield, Mass. 



lEngratitng (Hompany 

0f 3(ttdfettta)ictlt0, Ifntitana